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Site Report: American Linen


Site Name: American Linen
Address: 700 I St.;, Anchorage, AK 99501
File Number: 2100.26.143
Hazard ID: 23921
Status: Active
Staff: Bill O'Connell, 9072693057 bill.oconnell@alaska.gov
Latitude: 61.215378
Longitude: -149.900026
Horizontal Datum:NAD83

We make every effort to ensure the data presented here is accurate based on the best available information currently on file with DEC. It is therefore subject to change as new information becomes available. We recommend contacting the assigned project staff prior to making decisions based on this information.

Problems/Comments

Four underground storage tanks (one gasoline and 3 solvent tanks) were removed in 1991. DRO soil contamination found near one tank and PCE contamination near all of the three solvent tanks. 40 cubic yards of contaminated soil were removed and disposed of at the Anchorage Region Landfill. Excavation soil samples collected in 1991 found up to 695 mg/kg DRO and 239 mg/kg PCE at 4 feet below ground surface near foundation; away from the foundation up to 10.3 mg/kg PCE at 6 feet below ground surface. Need groundwater monitoring and confirmation soil sampling, including soils near foundation. May need angle borings or test pits to get to that area to take confirmation sampling. They need to check regarding RCRA for excavated soil and drill cuttings. Need vapor intrusion evaluation/gas sampling for all buildings within 100 feet of the contaminated area and additional monitoring wells to define the extent of groundwater contamination. From a meeting with RP (Bill Woodland) on 10/22/13: The 3 Stoddard solvent tanks were piped into the building and never contained PCE. A dry cleaning machine that used PCE with a closed loop system operated in the west side of the building from 1970 until 1988. They only added PCE to the system, but drums of PCE may have been stored in the fenced yard area above where the underground storage tanks were.

Action Information

Action Date Action Description DEC Staff
8/2/1991 Leaking Underground Storage Tank Release Confirmed - Petroleum LUST Site created in CSP for source area ID 77621 Contamination found during the removal of four underground storage tanks (one gasoline and 3 solvent tanks) were removed in July 1991. * Not Assigned
8/2/1991 Site Added to Database * Not Assigned
8/3/1991 Leaking Underground Storage Tank Cleanup Initiated - Petroleum LCAU Date changed DB conversion * Not Assigned
8/7/1991 Update or Other Action Letter sent in response to 8/2/91 report of a release of petroleum & halogenated hydrocarbons from underground storage tank systems. In accordance with 18 AAC 78.210 & 18 AAC 78.230 a site assessment must be conducted along with an initial abatement and release investigation which must be sent within of 30 days after confirmation of the release. In accordance with 18 AAC 78.240 corrective action is requested to be undertaken with an interim corrective action report to be sent within 60 days. * Not Assigned
9/30/1991 Underground Storage Tank Site Characterization or Assessment On July 1991 four underground storage tanks (one 1,000 gallon gasoline and three 500 gallon solvent tanks) were removed. The gasoline tank was reported to have not been used for 10 years and the solvent tanks were reported to be 40 years old (installed around 1951). The fill pipes to two of the solvent tanks (#1 and #3) extended to the northwest corner along the wall of the building. The fill pipes of one solvent tank (#4) were directly above that tank. The fill pipe for the gasoline tank (#2) extended to the southwest corner, with a dispenser island along the center of the building wall to the north. DRO contamination (695 mg/kg) found near the north wall to the north of tank #1 (at 4 feet bgs) near the fill pipes for tanks #1 and #3. PCE contamination over cleanup levels was found at every sample collected at each of the solvent tanks. The soil samples were collected between 4 feet and 10.5 feet bgs at the base of the excavations. PCE concentrations ranged from 239 mg/kg at 4 feet bgs near the fill pipes for tanks #1 & #3 near the building to 0.325 mg/kg at 8 feet bgs at tank #3. A soil sample collected beneath tank #4 located about 5 feet from the building had 10.3 mg/kg PCE and 6 feet bgs. Soil samples collected at the gasoline tank had up to 7.74 mg/kg GRO, 10.4 mg/kg DRO, and <0.02 mg/kg benzene. 40 cubic yards of contaminated soil were excavated as part of the tank removal and stockpiled at the site. * Not Assigned
12/17/1991 Update or Other Action Letter sent requesting additional info for sampling of ground water in area of deepest contamination. Soil disposal to MOA approved, Drums to APC approved. * Not Assigned
6/2/1992 Update or Other Action ADEC letter requests sampling of drinking water well, treatment plan for the 40 cubic yard stockpile and drums of sludge, and a release investigation and corrective action for the remaining in-situ contamination. Robert Weimer
8/26/1992 Report or Workplan Review - Other Drinking water well search conducted identified one to the northwest 1,625 feet away at 1407 West 31st Avenue that was drilled to 250 feet deep. ADEC is not curently requesting sampling of that drinking water well. Robert Weimer
10/6/1992 Leaking Underground Storage Tank Corrective Action Underway Reviewed and approve the disposal of 40 cubic yards of contaminated soil at the Anchorage Regional Landfill, and drums to APC. * Not Assigned
11/17/1995 Update or Other Action ADEC grants an extension until March 1, 1996 to conduct and submit results of a release investigation. Corrective action plan to be submitted by March 16, 1996. Robert Weimer
2/29/1996 Update or Other Action ADEC grants a second extension until May 1, 1996 to conduct and submit results of a release investigation. Robert Weimer
6/5/1996 Release Investigation One soil boring was drilled at the site on April 29, 1996. Up to 4.88 mg/kg DRO and .378 mg/kg PCE (0.03 mg/kg is the cleanup level) was found in the soil samples collected. Soil contamination extended to groundwater. PCE soil contamination was found above cleanup levels at each depth sampled (8 feet, 11 feet, and 18 feet below ground surface). The highest PCE concentrations were at 11 feet below ground surface (bgs). A strong solvent odor was noted in the soils at 20 feet bgs at the soil/water interface but no soil sample was collected at that depth. No confining layer (only sands) was noted in the boring to 28 feet bgs. The boring was completed as a monitoring well that has a screened interval from 17 to 27 feet below ground surface. Groundwater was encountered at 20 feet below ground surface and it had a solvent sheen and odor. The monitoring well was sampled on 4/29/1996 and it had 9.3 ug/l PCE (5 ug/l is the cleanup level) and 13.9 mg/l DRO (1.5 mg/l is the cleanup level) in the groundwater. The well was purged prior to sampling. * Not Assigned
11/12/1996 Update or Other Action ADEC request DRO and PCE groundwater monitoring on a quarterly basis. * Not Assigned
1/3/1997 Report or Workplan Review - Other Monitoring well sampling found 1.85 ug/l PCE and 2.78 mg/l DRO in the groundwater. The monitoring well was purged prior to sampling. Robert Weimer
3/6/1997 Report or Workplan Review - Other Monitoring well sampling found 5.59 ug/l PCE and 2.09 mg/l DRO in the groundwater. The monitoring well was purged prior to sampling. Robert Weimer
6/16/1997 Report or Workplan Review - Other Monitoring well sampling found 8.17 ug/l PCE and 0.58 mg/l DRO in the groundwater. The monitoring well was purged prior to sampling. Robert Weimer
9/19/1997 Report or Workplan Review - Other Monitoring well sampling found 7.77 ug/l PCE and 0.857 mg/l DRO in the groundwater. The monitoring well was purged prior to sampling. Robert Weimer
11/20/1997 Potentially Responsible Party/State Interest Letter ADEC sends Notification of Intent to Cost Recover Letter to Current Owner: I.W.W. * Not Assigned
6/28/1998 Update or Other Action RP's consultant inquired what further work is need to achieve site closure. ADEC requests a confirmation soil sampling plan by September 1, 1998 and continued groundwater monitoring until it is verified that soil and groundwater meet cleanup levels. Robert Weimer
8/28/2000 Update or Other Action Talked with RP. They had not done the sampling requested in 1998. He will get with consultant to do the site work. Robert Weimer
1/8/2004 Update or Other Action Talked with the RP Bill Woodland, no sampling done, but will be done in the Spring of 2004 after the snow is gone. Robert Weimer
10/24/2005 Update or Other Action Have not received the groundwater monitoring requested. Robert Weimer
7/12/2006 Report or Workplan Review - Other Monitoring well sampling found non-detect (<1.0 ug/l) PCE and non-detect (<0.309 mg/l) DRO in the groundwater. Depth to groundwater was 20.6 feet below ground surface. The well was purged and sampled using a bailer. Because a bailer was used to collect the groundwater sample the PCE results may be biased low. Robert Weimer
2/9/2007 Exposure Tracking Model Ranking Site ranked on the new Exposure Tracking Model (ETM). The ETM is a new site ranking system that looks at, based on available data, the potential exposure pathways for the contamination remaining at the site. Robert Weimer
12/13/2007 Report or Workplan Review - Other April 27, 2007 groundwater monitoring event. non-detect (<1.0 ug/l) PCE and non-detect (<0.313 mg/l) DRO in the groundwater. Depth to groundwater was 21.1 feet below ground surface. The well was purged and sampled using a bailer. Because a bailer was used to collect the groundwater sample the PCE results may be biased low. Robert Weimer
12/1/2010 Meeting or Teleconference Held Call from property owner to the west of the American Linen site. As part of a possible sale of their property they may be conducting soil and groundwater sampling to assess if the American Linen site in impacting their property. Robert Weimer
10/28/2011 Update or Other Action Also need soil sampling to evaluate current soil concentrations to evaluate the site for corrective action complete (with or without IC's) status. Robert Weimer
3/26/2013 Update or Other Action Discussed site with RPs consultant. Need groundwater monitoring and confirmation soil sampling. Need to assess soils near foundation. May need angle borings or test pits to get to area to take confirmation sampling. They need to check regarding RCRA for excavated soil and drill cuttings. May need vapor intrusion evaluation/gas sampling, deeper monitoring wells and additional monitorings wells to define the extent of groundwater contamination. Need deeper monitoring wells to check for DNAPL. They will talk to RP and submit work plan. Robert Weimer
5/14/2013 Update or Other Action Received email update that they plan to sampling the one on-site monitoring well todat for VOCs and DRO. They plan to purge the monitoring well prior to low flow sampling. Robert Weimer
10/22/2013 Report or Workplan Review - Other May 14, 2013 groundwater monitoring event. The one monitoring well was sampled and it had 1.56 ug/l PCE and non-detect (<0.360 mg/l) DRO in the groundwater. The PCE concentration increased from the previous two monitoring events (2006 and 2007). Depth to groundwater was 21.32 feet below ground surface. Well was purged before sampling with a low flow pump. Water sample was collected 2 feet from the bottom of the well and 2.89 feet below the surface of the water. Robert Weimer
10/22/2013 Meeting or Teleconference Held Meeting with RP (Bill Woodland) and his consultant Matt Hemry (S&W). We discussed that they need to characterize the nature and extent of the remaining contamination at the site (soil, groundwater, vapor intrusion, and any LNAPL). For the previously identified soil contamination areas at least 4 soil borings (one at the highest at each 3 solvent tanks, plus the 239 mg/kg PCE area). If soil exceeded cleanup levels additional soil borings may be required to define the extent of the contamination. For groundwater at least one deeper monitoring well near the highest contamination area to find the confining layer and to assess for NAPL and deeper dissolved contamination and down gradient monitoring wells on the other side of the building to assess for the extent of the groundwater contamination (soil samples would be collected during monitoring well installation). If groundwater exceeded cleanup levels additional monitoring wells may be required to define the extent of the contamination. For vapor intrusion we discussed if there is soil contamination remaining over migration to groundwater cleanup levels then they would need to do a vapor intrusion assessment for all structures within 100 feet of the contamination. For their building with indoor air samples, for neighbors initially soil gas sampling at property boundary of the site. If the boundary soil gas exceeds screening levels then additional soil gas/indoor air sampling will be required. The consultant will provide a work plan and a schedule for conducting the work. The highest priorities are defining groundwater and vapor intrusion. We discussed that soil, etc… generated may be RCRA waste based on the concentrations, and require out of state disposal at the RCRA facility. DEC staff reminded RP that the state would need to cost recover for any DEC time/expenses on this site. Robert Weimer
9/17/2015 Potentially Responsible Party/State Interest Letter Letter of interest sent requesting work plan for soil and ground water contamination delineation as discussed in 2013 meeting with Robert Weimer. Chelsy Passmore
12/30/2015 Meeting or Teleconference Held On 12/28/2015 Bill O’Connell and Chelsy Passmore met with Mr. Bill Woodland, responsible party for the American Linen site, his attorney and consultant to discuss the status of the site, which has been in Active status since 1991. Tetrachloroethylene was present in soil and groundwater and to date, the site has not been adequately characterized. The meeting was a follow up to ADEC’s letter dated September 17th, 2015 in which ADEC requested a response by October 19th, 2015. As discussed in the meeting this site has been active since 1991, however the contamination has not yet been fully characterized as required under ADEC regulations 18 AAC 75.335. In order to move this site towards closure ADEC requested the site to submit a work plan no later than February 29th, 2016. Chelsy Passmore
3/10/2016 Update or Other Action DEC issued a Compliance Notification letter to the owner documenting prior correspondence and a meeting whereby additional site characterization had been requested but no work plan had been received yet. The compliance letter requested submittal of a work plan by April 1, 2016 to avoid issuance of a Notice of Violation. Bill O'Connell
4/8/2016 Report or Workplan Review - Other DEC reviewed and commented on a site characterization work plan, received on April 1. DEC requested the plan be revised to include down-gradient soil and groundwater sampling near the NW corner of the building and resubmitted by April 29. Chelsy Passmore
4/12/2016 Update or Other Action DEC received a letter from attorney Max Garner stating he represents Mr. Woodland, the property owner, and requesting all future correspondence regarding the site be directed to him. The letter also: stated they did not concur that the area near former UST #1 is a known source of PCE contamination; stated installing a soil boring/monitoring well near the NW corner of the building would be an administrative burden and would require a temporary lane closure on I Street; and requested authorization to proceed with the work plan submitted on April 1. John Halverson
4/14/2016 Update or Other Action DEC responded to Mr. Woodland and summarized prior site assessment results, noting the paved parking lot on the NW side of the building appears to be a readily accessible location for a down gradient boring/monitoring well, and again requesting a revised work plan by April 29. Chelsy Passmore
4/29/2016 Update or Other Action DEC received a letter from attorney Garner disputing the need for characterization near the NW corner of the building. John Halverson
5/7/2016 Update or Other Action DEC sent another letter to Mr. Woodland explaining the site characterization requirements, responding to Mr. Garner's letter, and requesting a revised work plan by June 1. Bill O'Connell
6/9/2016 Update or Other Action Letter from attorney Garner to DEC declining the department's request for sampling near the NW corner of the building, again requesting all correspondence regarding the site be sent directly to him, rather than Mr. Woodland, and seeking an opportunity to discuss the matter with the Dept. of Law. Bill O'Connell
9/2/2016 Site Characterization Workplan Approved DEC sent a letter to Mr. Garner summarizing a meeting between DEC and Department of Law, Mr. Garner and Mr. Woodland on August 9th regarding the site characterization requirements, DEC concerns over the March 16 Site Characterization Work Plan and the need for a down-gradient monitoring well, and the understanding that Mr. Woodland was considering whether to revise the work plan. The Sept 2 letter granted conditional approval on the work plan, with the caveat that future down gradient groundwater sampling would likely be required. The letter requested confirmation on whether the current work plan would be implemented during the fall, or whether a revised work plan that includes the requested down gradient sampling would be submitted by Sept 15, and the field work completed by December 1. John Halverson
10/14/2016 Update or Other Action DEC received a Limited Phase II Environmental Assessment Report for properties on the corner of K Street and West 7th Ave. The report documents tetrachloroethene (PCE)in soil at concentrations up to 1.04 mg/kg (cleanup level 0.19 mg/kg) and in groundwater 0.026 ug/L (cleanup level 0.041 ug/L) in samples collected from a soil boring/monitoring well installed on the NW corner of the intersection (< 1 block to the W-NW of the American Linen site). John Halverson
1/25/2017 Update or Other Action DOL sent a letter to Mr. Garner requesting a response on when the site characterization report, which was due by December 31, will be submitted. John Halverson

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