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Site Report: Alaska Husky Battery, Inc.

Site Name: Alaska Husky Battery, Inc.
Address: 4540 Mountain View Drive, at North Bliss Street, Anchorage, AK 99508
File Number: 2100.38.440
Hazard ID: 302
Status: Active
Staff: Catherine Beatty, 9073344499
Latitude: 61.225887
Longitude: -149.795591
Horizontal Datum:WGS84

We make every effort to ensure the data presented here is accurate based on the best available information currently on file with DEC. It is therefore subject to change as new information becomes available. We recommend contacting the assigned project staff prior to making decisions based on this information.


Batteries were manufactured and recycled at this site. Lead and PCB contamination resulted from battery manufacturing activities and the reported salvaging of transformers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) contractors performed a Removal Action in 1988 to mitigate immediate health threats posed by lead, trichlorobenzene (TCB) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). EPA cleanup levels were 1000 mg/kg for lead and 10 mg/kg PCBs. State cleanup levels were met for TCBs in confirmation samples. The site continues to be regulated by ADEC because remaining PCB and lead contamination concentrations exceed department cleanup levels. Following excavation of contaminated soil and confirmation sampling, clean soil fill a minimum of six inches in thickness was used to bring the excavated ground surface up to grade on the unpaved portions of the Alaska Husky Battery property and in the adjacent alley, and a permanent fence was placed around the property. A floor drain present in the building has not been investigated. BTEX contamination found in groundwater during Husky Battery CERCLIS assessment was attributed to hydrologically upgradient source (gas station). Fact sheets and other information related to the EPA-contracted work exists in CERCLA filing system. Contamination was documented at the site in 1984. The lead/acid liquid wastes generated at the site were discharged to an on-site, subsurface disposal crib until 1962. The sewer service line became corroded and leaked an unknown quantity of lead/acid wastewater into the surrounding soils. Cleanup was initiated by EPA through CERCLA in 1988. Monitoring wells installed and sampled in 1988 did not detect any PCBs or lead in the water table below the site.

Action Information

Action Date Action Description DEC Staff
12/14/1984 Report or Workplan Review - Other EPA funded a preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by TetraTech in October 1984. The 1984 PA found that the site posed a direct contact hazard with unrestricted access and contamination of surface soil and the groundwater aquifer. Site ranked medium priority by EPA requiring followup Site Inspection (SI)under the CERCLA process. Results of four surface soil samples collected from the unpaved work yard indicated elevated levels of lead (23,080 ppm to 77,730 ppm). Three of the four samples also exceeded the Extraction Procedure Toxicity (EP Tox) hazardous waste criterion for lead of 5.0 ppm (40 CFR 261.24). The report concluded that the site appeared to present a threat to the public health and/or environment and recommended that an extent of contamination survey be performed. No Longer Assigned
5/30/1986 Site Characterization Report Approved USEPA Site Investigation (SI) dated May 1986 under the CERCLA process conducted by Ecology & Environment on November 13 and 15, 1985. Soil samples were collected at several depths in three fifteen foot borings. Water samples were taken at the facility well, one of the borings and in neighboring drinking water wells. Lead in soil levels were as high as 2,700 mg/kg, but decreased rapidly with depth. Groundwater samples also contained elevated levels of lead but results were questionable due to lack of filtration of suspended solids. Soil pH levels were as low as 4.14, The lowered pH levels were evident to at least the 3.0 to 4.5 foot depth. No Longer Assigned
12/9/1986 Meeting or Teleconference Held Meeting between RP James Welker, Dan Crevensten (TN&H) and Carl Reller of ADEC. RP clarified process description. No Longer Assigned
6/30/1987 Update or Other Action ADEC letter with subject line "Superfund Site Investigation - Final Report" to James Welker, owner of Husky Battery. The letter states that ADEC reviewed the final report for the site investigation done under CERCLA (Superfund) and requested a response to requests for action no later than Augut 1, 1987. Findings included that DEC determined that the levels of lead and acid at the site present a substantial and imminent health risk to the public through direct exposure to surface soils and are a potential threat of contamination to groundwater. ADEC requested response action to include erecting a fence, posting the facility site, and define the contaminated area and remove or control all soil exceeding 500 mg/kg lead. The letter further notifies the site onwer that if he does not choose to conduct his own remedial actions, ADEC will take enforcement action and seek cost recovery. No Longer Assigned
8/25/1987 Site Visit Field inspection; air sampling program conducted at the site by ADEC. Lead levels in the respirable air found to be below EPA recommended values. Further air sampling was not recommended. ADEC memorandum dated October 15, 1987 states that previous initial sampling showed an offsite lead concentration of lead in the respirable dust nearly one hundred times the ambient standard. No Longer Assigned
3/30/1988 Site Characterization Report Approved Phase I Site Assessment Approval. Review PIRM Extension Area Characterization Report. No Longer Assigned
6/27/1988 Interim Removal Action Approved EPA's 6/27/88 Project Fact Sheet states that site surface soils were covered with a dust suppressant. Air monitor positioned in nearby yard and periodically sampled. No Longer Assigned
7/1/1988 Interim Removal Action Approved EPA and its contractors began removal by excavating lead and PCB contaminated soils. Originally estimates were set for 900 cubic yards of soil to be excavated, but additional contamination was found. No Longer Assigned
9/28/1988 Interim Removal Action Approved EPA letter of this date notifying ADEC that a "CERCLA Removal" cleanup action at site has been completed and that ADEC should expect an "On-Scene Coordinator's Report" detailing the specifics of the project. EPA's letter notes that some residual contamination exists in levels above cleanup goals, but it has been covered with 1-2' of clean soil. Cleanup goal for lead is 500 mg/kg. EPA suggested that ADEC spend any available cleanup funds on investigating petroleum hydrocarbon contamination discovered in site groundwater, as petroleum hydrocarbon contamination is not in the jurisdiction of CERCLA cleanups. EPA's letter included two enclosures that provided detailed information on monitoring well sampling results, noting also that the monitoring wells were available for ADEC use. No Longer Assigned
10/17/1988 Report or Workplan Review - Other Report submitted: "TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TEAM ON-SCENE COORDINATOR REPORT FOR: Alaska Husky Battery, Anchorage, Alaska, TDD T10-8810-039" dated September 1988. Reports work done in May 1988 by contractor Ecology & Environment's Technical Assistance Team (TAT). The site assessment was done according to Technical Direction Document (TDD) T10-8803-003. The assessment included: surface and subsurface soil sampling facilitating the determination of the extent of soil contamination associated with the AHB site; groundwater sampling to evaluate the possibility of groundwater contamination by AHB process wastes; and a detailed study of the local geology and hydrogeology. During the assessment 4 monitoring wells were installed and several chemical compounds associated with gasoline were detected in groundwater and in the smear zone soil associated with the soil/groundwater interface with the report concluding that there appears to be a strong possibility that contamination migrated onto the site from an off-site, upgradient Leaking Underground Storage Tank site (LUST). EPA referred information regarding the petroleum contamination to the State for action since EPA cannot use CERCLA funds for cleanup of petroleum spills. Soil sample #T8050104 had an estimated level of 22,000 ug/mg benzene detected and sample #T8050105 had 30,000 ug/kg benzene detected. Water sample T8050117 had 19 ug/L benzene and a rerun of same sample showed 22 ug/L. No Longer Assigned
1/30/1989 Report or Workplan Review - Other ADEC received "Technical Assistance Team On-Scene Coordinator Report for Alaska Husky Battery” prepared by Ecology and Environment, Inc. (E&E) for USEPA dated December 1988 and received by ADEC on January 30, 1989. The report summarized site activities including surface and subsurface soil sampling, groundwater sampling of four monitoring wells installed in May 1988 to evaluate the possibility of groundwater contamination by process wastes, and a detailed study of the local geology and hydrogeology. Several chemical compounds associated with gasoline were detected in 4 on-site borings, three of which were completed as monitoring wells, in groundwater and in the smear zone soil associated with the soil/groundwater interface. The report concluded that petroleum contaminants migrated from an off-site upgradient source, namely the Renner’s No. 2 gas station northeast of the site. EPA referred information regarding the petroleum contamination to the State for action since EPA cannot use CERCLA funds for cleanup of petroleum spills. On-site samples impacted by petroleum included soil sample #T8050104 with 22,000 ug/kg benzene detected and sample #T8050105 with 30,000 ug/kg benzene detected . Water sample T8050117 had 19 ug/L benzene. The report states that 1,345 cubic yards of lead/ polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) contaminated soils were excavated, containerized, and shipped out of Alaska for disposal at a permitted hazardous waste disposal facility in Arlington, Oregon. The report notes that site assessments conducted by the E&E TAT in August 1987 also documented the presence of PCBs in on-site (i.e. on-property) soils and in off-site (i.e. off-property) soils during May 1988 assessments. Based on the potential for contamination of the shallow aquifer that flows beneath the site by Alaska Husky Battery process wastes, and the potential adverse health effects associated with the contact, inhalation or ingestion of lead or PCB contaminated soil, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) declared the site a threat to public health and the environment. Due to lack of appropriate response by the Potentially Responsible Party, on June 16, 1988, the Region X EPA initiated a time-critical removal action. On-site removal activities were performed from July 1 through September 9, 1988, that included daily cost tracking utilizing the Removal Cost Management System (RCMS); the establishment and maintenance of site security; disposal of drummed drill cuttings and well development waters generated during the TAT May 1988 site assessment; and the excavation, containerization, transportation and disposal of approximately 1345 cubic yards of lead-, PCB- and trichlorobenzene-contaminated soils. Upon completion of cleanup verification sampling, the site was backfilled to original grade, and a permanent site security fence was erected. Soil disposal was completed on November 2, 1988. The approximate cost of the AHB removal action was $1,290,160. No Longer Assigned
2/22/1989 Update or Other Action ADEC letter to attorney for bankruptcy of Welkers/Alaka Husky Battery. The letter refers to the Husky Battery property located in the Big Lake area, off Hollywood Road, but refers to the Anchorage site when recommending having "the floor drain sewer lines pressure tested" and sampling of "soils, the floor drain tank, the septic tank and the barrels that are reportedly stockpiled near the building for lead levels and appropriate hazardous waste criteria." The letter thanks the attorney for bringing the bankruptcy to ADEC's attention during a telephone call on 2/17/1989. (Note that ADEC's CERCLA Update Memorandum dated March 9, 1987 stated of Husky Battery that "all manufacturing operations are being moved out to a new site in the Mat-Su area; the Anchorage site will be for distribution/marketing only." No Longer Assigned
3/27/1989 Update or Other Action ADEC recd copy of bankruptcy completion as Discharge of Joint Debtors for the Welkers in Bankruptcy Case No. A88-01087. No Longer Assigned
5/23/1990 Site Added to Database Sulphuric acid, lead, petroleum hydrocarbons, trichlorobenzene, and polychlorinated biphenyls. No Longer Assigned
11/21/1990 Site Ranked Using the AHRM Initial ranking. No Longer Assigned
6/22/1992 Update or Other Action EPA letter to ADEC dated 6/22/1992 notes that a RCRA generator number used during the Husky Battery cleanup, which was completed in fall 1988, was inadvertently not closed out, but EPA will now do so. No Longer Assigned
4/6/1994 Update or Other Action Email by Doreen Sullivan-Garcia to spill response and contaminated sites staff includes the following: "Sewer Damage: Last year, Anchorage Wastewater Utility (AWWU) sent a camera down the sewer and found the bottom of the pipe is gone for about 1200 feet. The damage to the pipe starts at Husky and tapers with distance....AWWU(is) hesitant to dig anything up...The plan is to insert a steam activated epoxy coated sock that will form a 20-yr pipe inside the existing line from the manhole so as not to do any digging". Additionally the writer indicates that the petroleum hydrocarbons detected in the groundwater may be from the nearby Renner's site. Email stems from conversation between Sullivan-Garcia and AWWU Operations Manager Charlie Bryant regarding a sewer main in the vicinity of Husky Battery scheduled for repairs within the next year or two due to cracks. No Longer Assigned
7/28/1995 Update or Other Action Staff advised by previous project manager via email of this date that the site is no longer subject to CERCLA regulations and that EPA's cleanup criteria have been met under that program. Contamination will now be regulated under state hazardous substance regulations. No Longer Assigned
1/16/1996 Update or Other Action With EPA concurrence, ADEC advised the Municipality of Anchorage that excavation sampling should occur for utility work adjacent to and associated with the site. Conversation record dated 1/12/1996 in file by ADEC staff Ray Dronenburg re conversation with Jerry Dunn AWWU: wastewater line has been excavated and sleeved 200 feet (sewage line is made of concrete). Entire bottom of pipe rotted out. Still one collapsed section near cleanout at rear of Husky Alaska Battery; the job is 95% complete. Depth to excavation 11-17 feet. Ray Dronenburg
8/4/1999 Site Ranked Using the AHRM Site reranked by staff. Eileen Olson
5/10/2000 Update or Other Action Combined relevant data from Reckey 1988210127202, Mountain View Dr. and Bliss Street-Husky, into this Reckey as it was a duplicate. No Longer Assigned
11/9/2004 Update or Other Action File number issued 2100.38.440 Aggie Blandford
3/30/2007 Update or Other Action Staff reassigned from Sundet to Olson. Aggie Blandford
5/4/2007 Exposure Tracking Model Ranking Site ranked with Exposure Tracking Model Eileen Olson
12/12/2012 Potentially Responsible Party/State Interest Letter ADEC notification of potentially responsible party (PRP) status and of state cost recovery requirements. The letter also included an information request and provided an explanation regarding the relationship between federal and state ADEC regulations; that is, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) completed a time critical removal action in 1988 under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). However, the site has been continuously open and subject to State of Alaska contaminated sites regulations since EPA completed work in 1988. Eileen Olson
1/28/2013 Meeting or Teleconference Held On January 28, 2013 staff met with RP. RP hand-delivered records regarding his ownership, modifications to property, and land use as requested in the PRP letter. Eileen Olson

Contaminant Information

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