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Site Report: AKARNG Gambell Federal Scout Armory

Site Name: AKARNG Gambell Federal Scout Armory
Address: Approx. 1/4 Mile NE of Gambell Airport, Gambell, AK 99742
File Number: 660.38.007
Hazard ID: 4276
Status: Active
Staff: Danielle Duncan, 9074655207
Latitude: 63.778339
Longitude: -171.730034
Horizontal Datum:WGS84

We make every effort to ensure the data presented here is accurate based on the best available information currently on file with DEC. It is therefore subject to change as new information becomes available. We recommend contacting the assigned project staff prior to making decisions based on this information.


Diesel Range Organics in the soil due to historic heating oil spill. The site has sandy gravel soils. Diesel range organics (DRO) in soil is below ingestion/direct contact cleanup levels. The groundwater has DRO at 14 mg/L which exceeds the 1.5 mg/L cleanup level. The community groundwater drinking water well is located 2000 feet to the east on a bluff. Groundwater flows to the northwest - the community groundwater well is unlikely to have been affected. December 2016: Groundwater samples collected and verified the presence of groundwater contamination. The soil contamination has been characterized and the historic heating oil release likely percolated through sandy soils and reached the groundwater table. There is also discontinuous permafrost in the area.

Action Information

Action Date Action Description DEC Staff
8/22/2006 Site Characterization Workplan Approved Site Characterization and Restoration-Related Activities Project, Gambell Federal Scout Armory, Final Work Plan, July 2006 was approved Debra Caillouet
8/25/2006 Site Added to Database Site added to the database. Mitzi Read
7/16/2007 Update or Other Action Comments sent to the AKARNG on the draft Site Investigation report. Debra Caillouet
3/17/2008 Exposure Tracking Model Ranking Initial ranking with ETM completed. Debra Caillouet
5/7/2008 Site Characterization Report Approved The report documents the results of a site investigation (SI) and incorporates acceptable responses to the comments previously provided. The investigation while not completely characterizing the nature and extent of contamination does meet the requirements of 18 AAC 75.335 Site Characterization and is approved. The report recommends further characterization of the soil from three feet below ground surface to the groundwater and characterization of the groundwater at the site. This was unable to be done during the SI because of the lack of a drill rig and excavator. Debra Caillouet
2/3/2010 Meeting or Teleconference Held Staff participated in the Installation Action Plan meeting. Debra Caillouet
11/30/2010 Report or Workplan Review - Other Staff reviewed and sent comment to the Alaska Army National Guard on the Draft Work Plan for Site Characterization at 21 Alaska Federal Scout Readiness Centers, November 2010, including the Site Specific Plans for Akiak, St. Mary’s and Tuntutuliak. Debra Caillouet
2/28/2011 Report or Workplan Review - Other Draft Field Sampling Plans for Emmonak, Gambell, Kasigluk, Napaskiak and Stebbins, February 2011 Debra Caillouet
5/23/2011 Site Characterization Workplan Approved Final Work Plan for Site Characterization at 21 Alaska Federal Scout Readiness Centers, April 2011 approved. Debra Caillouet
2/4/2013 Report or Workplan Review - Other Gambell Federal Scout Readiness Center, Data Gap Investigation Report, January 2013 The investigation defined the areas of the site with soil contamination from diesel range organics (DRO) remaining. Suprapermafrost groundwater has been impacted with DRO but the sample results are questionable. The monitoring wells were not developed prior to sampling. Well installation diagrams do not show the position of the screen relative to the water level. Well installation diagrams are not provided for all wells (GW009), Well purge and sampling sheet for GW07 is missing. The hydrocarbon risk calculator was used to calculate a proposed alternative cleanup level of 11,870 mg/kg for DRO. ADEC has no objection to the use of this soil cleanup level. The report concludes that contaminated groundwater is not migrating off-site recommends no further action for the suprapermafrost groundwater. ADEC does not concur with the recommendations for the suprapermafrost groundwater. Additional sampling using correct well installation and purging procedures is required to determine the extent of groundwater impact and if it is migrating off-site. Debra Caillouet
12/17/2015 Update or Other Action Staff changed to Danielle Duncan and hard file transferred to the Juneau office. Kristin Thompson
12/23/2015 Update or Other Action Should be receiving a work plan for additional site sampling and groundwater sampling. Also scoped for a ROD soon. Danielle Duncan
3/3/2016 Report or Workplan Review - Other Rec'd the draft site characterization plan this date. Danielle Duncan
3/30/2016 Report or Workplan Review - Other Sent comments to AKARNG re: draft site characterization plan (SCP). The draft SCP describes the installation of seven (7) groundwater monitoring wells to characterize groundwater contamination and the hydraulic gradient on site. Groundwater in the area is shallow and used for drinking water. Previous studies have adequately characterized soil contamination at the site therefore, no soil sampling will be conducted. Notable comments: Replace all references to the 2010 ADEC Field Sampling Guidance with the updated and finalized March 2016 version available on the ADEC website. Replace “may be collected” with “will be collected” – field duplicates at a rate of 10% are required and a trip blank is required for BTEX analysis. NWPH/VPH is not an ADEC approved method. Replace with EPA Methods 8021B or 8260C and EPA Method 8270D. NWPH/EPH is not an ADEC approved method – results from unapproved methods are not useful in the ADEC decision-making process. All of the proposed monitoring well locations are in the northwest section of the site – either add one or two monitoring wells to the southwest end (specifically near historic wells 11GAMSB007) or move one of the proposed wells from another area. Danielle Duncan
6/27/2016 Site Characterization Workplan Approved Approved the final Site Characterization Plan this date. Danielle Duncan
12/28/2016 Report or Workplan Review - Other Rec'd the draft Site Characterization Report this date and provided comments. Danielle Duncan
12/28/2016 Exposure Tracking Model Ranking A new updated ranking with ETM has been completed for source area 75242 Spills/Leaks. Danielle Duncan
5/26/2017 Site Characterization Report Approved Approved the site characterization report this date. Groundwater on site is contaminated with diesel range organics and naphthalene above ADEC cleanup levels. Danielle Duncan
11/6/2017 Update or Other Action The Guard plans on finishing internal processes the (feasibility study, preliminary assessment, etc. and prepare a Record of Decision). Danielle Duncan
11/30/2017 Exposure Tracking Model Ranking A new updated ranking with ETM has been completed for source area 75242 Spills/Leaks. Danielle Duncan
12/1/2017 Report or Workplan Review - Other Rec'd a draft Record of Decision and made comments this date. Soil on site is contaminated with diesel range organics (DRO) up to 600 mg/kg and groundwater on site is contaminated with DRO at 14 mg/L and naphthalene at 0.011 mg/L according to the latest groundwater data. The proposed ACL for DRO contaminated soil is 11,870 mg/kg which was approved by the ADEC in a letter to the Alaska Army National Guard dated February 5, 2013; this cleanup level remains approved. Although the soil on site meets the ACL, the 2016 Site Characterization Report noted the presence of stained soil. According to 18 AAC 75.325(f)(1)(E) Site Cleanup Rules, a responsible person shall “evaluate and perform cleanup of surface soil staining attributable to a hazardous substance.” For this reason, the stained soil must be removed from the site. The cleanup levels for groundwater are the ADEC Table C Groundwater Human Health Cleanup Levels and are hereby approved. Danielle Duncan
7/30/2018 Update or Other Action The USACE is working on a cleanup scope. Danielle Duncan

Contaminant Information

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