Solid Fuel-fired Heating Device Standards
The solid fuel-fired heating device standards in 18 AAC 50.077 and 18 AAC 50.079 apply to devices installed or supplied, sold, leased, distributed, or conveyed for installation or operation inside the Fairbanks North Star Borough PM2.5 Nonattainment Area only. Beginning February 28, 2015 for hydronic heaters and large heating devices, August 31, 2015 for woodstoves and pellet stoves, and January 12, 2018 for coal heaters, it will be unlawful to install a heating device that does not meet the emission standards or requirements. Retailers may still sell noncompliant devices to customers who verify in writing that they intend to install the device outside the area.
Property Sale, Lease, or Conveyance - Changeout or Removal Requirement
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has redesignated the PM2.5 Nonattainment Area from 'moderate' to 'serious.' EPA proposed the redesignation on May 10, 2017. See: Federal Register Notice (PDF).
18 AAC 50.077 requires the change-out or removal of wood-fired heating devices not meeting emission criteria when the property where they are installed is sold, leased, or conveyed. - Effective June 9, 2017 -
18 AAC 50.079 requires the change-out or removal of coal-fired heating devices that are not EPA certified or listed with the Fairbanks North Star Borough when the property, where they are installed, is sold, leased, or conveyed - Effective January 12, 2018 -
For more information, visit our Real Estate Measure webpage.
18 AAC 50.077 & 18 AAC 50.079 - Solid Fuel-Fired Heating Device Emission Standards
DEC Alaska State Standards (Inside FNSB PM2.5 Nonattainment Area Only) 18 AAC 50.077 & 18 AAC 50.079. Heaters sold for installation inside the Nonattainment Area must meet the emission standards beginning on the effective date.
|Heating Device Type||Particulate Matter Emission Standard||Effective Date|
|Wood-Fired Hydronic Heaters < 350,000 Btu/hr||EPA Phase 2 Voluntary Partnership Program "White Tag" and 2.5 g/hr particulate matter annual average emission level||or 0.32 lbs/MMBtu average annual emission level and 2.5 g/hr particulate matter annual average emission level and 18.0 g/hr individual test run cap||02/28/15|
|Wood-Fired Heating Devices > 350,000 Btu/hr||2.5 g/hr particulate matter annual average emission||02/28/15|
|Woodstoves and Most Pellet Stoves < 350,000 Btu/hr||EPA Certification and 2.5 g/hr particulate matter annual average emission level||or Maximum 2.5 g/hr particulate matter annual average emission level||08/31/15|
|Coal-Fired Heating Devices||EPA Certified or a listed device with the Fairbanks North Star Borough||01/12/18|
EPA Residential Wood Heater 2015 NSPS - emission standards
EPA Federal Standards (Statewide) Enforced by EPA: Heaters not included in the categories above, and currently not certified by EPA, and that do not meet the emission standards below may be sold to customers inside and outside the Nonattainment Area through December 31, 2015. After that date, all devices sold must meet the applicable state and/or EPA emission standards: Final New Source Performance Standards for Residential Wood Heaters.
|Wood-Fired Heating Device Type||Step||Effective Date||Particulate Matter Emission Standard||Test Fuel|
|Woodstoves & Pellet Stoves (adjustable & single burn rate) (catalytic & non-catalytic)||1||May 15, 2015||4.5 g/hr||Cribwood orCordwood|
|2||May 15, 2020||2.0 g/hr||Cribwood|
|Hydronic Heaters||1||May 15, 2015||0.32 lbs/MMBtu weighted averageand18.0 g/hr individual test run caporEPA "Phase 2" Qualified||Cribwood orCordwood|
|2||May 15, 2020||0.10 lbs/MMBtu for each burn rate||Cribwood|
|0.15 lbs/MMBtu for each burn rate||Cordwood|
|Forced Air Furnaces||1||May 15, 2015||New work practice and operational standards, including providing information on best operating practices in owner's manuals||N/A|
|2||Small: May 15, 2016 Large: May 15, 2017||0.93 lbs/MMBtu weighted average||Cordwood|
|3||May 15, 2020||0.15 lbs/MMBtu for each burn rate||Cordwood|
In an effort to provide information about requirements before they are activated, DEC has reached out to Solid-Fuel Heating Device Vendors. See documents below:
- Steven Hoke
- Phone: 907-451-5172