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Site Report: Camp Lonely Landfill


Site Name: Camp Lonely Landfill
Address: 1 Mile West of Pt. Lonely, West Edge of Gravel Pad, Nuiqsut, AK 99789
File Number: 320.38.007
Hazard ID: 4113
Status: Active
Staff: Jamie McKellar, 9074515175 jamie.mckellar@alaska.gov
Latitude: 70.908847
Longitude: -153.296950
Horizontal Datum:WGS84

We make every effort to ensure the data presented here is accurate based on the best available information currently on file with DEC. It is therefore subject to change as new information becomes available. We recommend contacting the assigned project staff prior to making decisions based on this information.

Problems/Comments

The landfill was in operation from approximately 1976-1986. The materials disposed of and the extent of contamination is unknown. Photographs of oil sheen on surface water were taken by a USAF environmental consultant in June 2004. The consultant described free product migrating to or along the lagoon. There are approximately 50-60 drums exposed by erosion, and large quantities of miscellaneous metal debris abandoned on the surface of the site. BLM staff reported observing batteries in the landfill. A soil sample near a visible oil seep detected DRO at 2,570 mg/kg in the soil. Previous investigations during the 1980's indicate elevated chromium (total) in the surface water. The landfill is located approximately 1 mile west of the Point Lonely DEW Line site at the west edge of the CIRI camp, adjacent to the lagoon. EPA ID AKN001002731; EPA site name USDOI BLM Camp Lonely Landfill Site.

Action Information

Action Date Action Description DEC Staff
9/23/2004 Site Added to Database Potential multiple contaminants eroding into a lagoon from an old landfill. Deborah Williams
9/23/2004 Site Ranked Using the AHRM Preliminary ranking. Deborah Williams
9/27/2004 Update or Other Action PRP letter sent to Air Force, CIRI, BLM, Marathon Oil, and USGS. Emily Youcha
1/13/2005 Update or Other Action PRP letter sent to Husky Oil Ltd. (Husky Canada). Emily Youcha
3/10/2005 Update or Other Action Response to PRP letter received from Air Force, CIRI, and Husky Oil. Marathon Oil is not a responsible party. A meeting is scheduled between the PRPs for March 17, 2005 in Anchorage. Emily Youcha
3/10/2005 Update or Other Action More information (including historical documents) available at the site summary website. Emily Youcha
3/17/2005 Meeting or Teleconference Held Staff participated in a PRP meeting with the Air Force, CIRI, Husky Energy, BLM, and USGS to discuss further action at Camp Lonely. Next meeting is scheduled for 3/24/05. Emily Youcha
3/18/2005 Update or Other Action PRP letter sent to FAA, Navy, and ITT Industries (for FELEC Services, Inc.). Emily Youcha
3/24/2005 Meeting or Teleconference Held Staff participated in a second PRP meeting to discuss a draft COBC and estimated costs of removing the landfill. The PRPs scheduled a meeting for March 30 to discuss cost sharing and how to proceed. ADEC would like to see some containment or interim removal summer 2005 and a removal of the landfill in summer 2006. Emily Youcha
4/6/2005 Meeting or Teleconference Held Staff participated in a meeting to discuss PRP progress on the site. Dept. of Justice will likely be involved to represent the federal agencies. Emily Youcha
5/31/2005 Update or Other Action Staff participated in a series of meetings last month. The Dept. of Justice is now representing the U.S. government agencies. A information request was sent to Western Geco and Baker Hughes. Site characterization work is scheduled for this summer and ADEC has received the preliminary workplan. A Memorandum of Understanding is being developed between ADEC, U.S. Government, Husky Energy, CIRI, and ITT Industries in regards to the summer 2005 interim action work. Emily Youcha
6/16/2005 Update or Other Action Staff received a site characterization and interim remedial action workplan for summer 2005. Staff comments include the need for collecting sediment samples. Emily Youcha
6/16/2005 Update or Other Action Staff received a copy of the Memorandum of Understanding that describes the agreement for summer 2005 work between the PRPs and the State. The State is currently reviewing the document. Emily Youcha
6/24/2005 Site Characterization Workplan Approved Staff reviewed the site characterization workplan submitted by Husky Energy on behalf of the PRPs. Samples will be collected from the landfill soil, and adjacent surface water bodies during the July sampling event. Samples will be collected for DRO/GRO/RRO, BTEX, PAHs, VOCs, PCBs, and metals. If persistant organic pollutants or metals are found to be a problem, a second round of sampling will occur during mid-August to evaluate migration of contaminants to the lagoon sediments. A magnetic survey will be conducted to delineate the extent of the landfill. Sorbent pads will be used to abate the existing oil seeps during the first fieldwork effort and will be checked on the second trip. Emily Youcha
7/15/2005 Interim Removal Action Approved During site characterization efforts, two drums containing product were intercepted during test pit trenching. One spill, of 0.2 gallons of product impacted surface water and PERP was notified. Both spills were immediately cleaned up and waste was treated with granular activated carbon or shipped offsite for disposal. Emily Youcha
7/25/2005 Meeting or Teleconference Held Staff participated in a site visit with the BLM on July 18. Staff met with Husky Energy representatives, who were leading the site characterization efforts. One sump containing lube oil was visible on the surface of the landfill. During the removal of surface material from the landfill, a drum was intercepted that contained free product. Approximately 1 quart of product was immediately cleaned up. Emily Youcha
7/29/2005 GIS Position Updated GIS Position provided by Husky Energy. Emily Youcha
11/7/2005 Update or Other Action Contaminated Sites staff reviewed a preliminary data report for the Camp Lonely Landfill. The lateral extents of the landfill were defined with a geophysical survey and four distinct burial areas were found. It was estimated that approximately 17,000 cubic yards of material is present in the landfill, of which 70% is soil. On two occasions during characterization efforts, buried drums were intercepted causing petroleum product in the drums to spill. The drums and impacted contaminated soil and water were removed. Results of the site characterization indicate diesel-range organics (DRO) exceed Method One soil cleanup levels but do not exceed Method Two soil cleanup levels for the Arctic Zone. Residual range organics (RRO), total xylenes, chromium, and arsenic exceed Method Two soil cleanup levels. The elevated concentrations of RRO and chromium are associated with surface staining. Background sampling locations indicate background DRO concentrations in soil may be above Method One soil cleanup levels and background arsenic concentrations may be above Method Two soil cleanup levels. Benzene, mercury, total aromatic hydrocarbons, and total aqueous hydrocarbons were detected above water quality standards during one sampling event at a nearby isolated pond, but during a sampling event one month later, all concentrations were below water quality standards. Polychlorinated biphenyls were not detected. Emily Youcha
11/14/2005 Meeting or Teleconference Held Staff spoke with CIRI to request additional sampling data when CIRI was conducting the Camp Lonely demolition. A meeting is scheduled for 11/15 to discuss the results. Emily Youcha
11/28/2005 Meeting or Teleconference Held Staff held a meeting with Husky Energy and their consultant to discuss the Interim Characterization Report. Staff had some concerns about the chromium hot spot and requested analysis to determine the form of chromium. Staff inquired about surface water sample CLSW01 and suggested follow-up sampling. It was determined that the current risk to human health is low due to the current land use and the type of contamination (mostly low-level petroleum) and erosional impacts are lower due to the distance from the beach. The proposed cleanup levels were briefly discussed and it was agreed that Method Two soil cleanup levels would be too high because surface water may be impacted in the future due to erosional processes. A lower cleanup level was desired to limit DRO mobility in the pad and 2,000-3,000 mg/kg was proposed. It is estimated that about 80% of the contaminated soil is under 3,000 mg/kg and the rest above 3,000 mg/kg. The final report is due Jan. 31, 2006 and a followup meeting with the PRPs should be held in early February. Staff will submit initial comments on the interim report to Husky Energy. Emily Youcha
11/29/2005 Update or Other Action Staff recieved a copy of the Draft Camp Lonely Decommissioning Environmental Assessment Summary Report from CIRI dated Nov. 18, 2005. 7 Areas of concern were discovered: Bulk Fuel Storage Area with 1-65,000 and 1-120,000 gal AST and Pumphouse; 3,500 gallon portable fuel tank; Incinerator/Utility Building area (Incinerator Bldg, Generator Room, and associated ASTs); and Vehicle Maintenance Shop Area (Vehicle Maintenance Shop, communication Shop, Loading Dock area, and associated ASTs). Field screening was used and analytical samples for DRO/GRO/RRO and BTEX were collected. Concentrations exceeded Method One cleanup levels and at the 1300 gallon AST at the Vehicle Maintenance Shop, one sample exceeded Method Two cleanup levels for DRO. Emily Youcha
12/8/2005 Meeting or Teleconference Held Staff attended the Restoration Advisory Board meeting in Barrow and provided a summary of the current activites at the site. BLM Realty indicated that CIRI may be staging equipment on the pad this spring. DEC and BLM HazMat indicated the equipment should not be placed on the landfill or other areas of contamination due to upcoming remedial efforts. Emily Youcha
2/15/2006 Meeting or Teleconference Held Staff met with the PRPs on Feb 10 for an update meeting. Staff discussed the site characterization report which was recieved on Jan 31, 2006. Staff discussed the proposed cleanup levels for the DRO contamination found in the landfill. A representative from DEC Solid Waste Program was present to answer solid waste related questions and landfill permitting. Staff requested a feasibility study from the PRPs and it is anticipated the feasibility study will begin sometime this summer. Emily Youcha
2/15/2006 Site Characterization Report Approved Staff reviewed the site characterization report for Camp Lonely. Four burial areas were found based on the results of a geophysical survey. The landfill was thought to be constructed around 1975 and was later expanded at the southwest corner based on aerial photography. On average, the landfill material is estimated to be 70% soil and 30% debris. The estimated total volume of debris is 5800 cu. yds and 16000 cu. yd of soil (excluding the cap). Contaminants of concern include DRO, GRO, RRO, xylenes, arsenic, chromium, and ethylene glycol. Approximately 80 samples were collected from testpits, soil, water, and soil vapor in the northwest, west-central, and southwest burial areas. The northeast burial area was not characterized. Emily Youcha
5/25/2006 Meeting or Teleconference Held Contaminated Sites staff participated in a meeting with the Camp Lonely potentially responsible parties (PRPs). The proposed petroleum cleanup levels were discussed and DEC recommended Method One cleanup levels because the site is in an eroding environment. A new settlement agreement will be completed to include a feasibility study. The settlement agreement should be finalized within a month and the feasibility study will probably be completed by early fall. The other areas of concern on the Camp Lonely pad may be included into the feasibility study. Emily Youcha
6/29/2006 Update or Other Action Staff received an update from CIRI. The PRPs are working to reach an updated settlement agreement to include the feasibility study. A feasibility study will likely occur this summer. Additional sampling may also occur this summer to follow up on data gaps from the site characterization in 2005. Emily Youcha
8/11/2006 Update or Other Action Staff received a 2006 workplan to collect addtional data at the landfill. A few soil samples will be collected from the landfill to fill in data gaps. Additional samples will be collected from the adjacent surface water. A sheen test will be conducted, to get a better understanding of the concentrations of DRO that will produce a sheen in water. The work will occur in late August. Emily Youcha
8/17/2006 Meeting or Teleconference Held Contaminated Sites staff met with the potentially responsible parties (PRPs) for the Camp Lonely Landfill to discuss their updated settlement agreement. The PRPs would like to continue negotiation of the petroleum cleanup levels next month. Additionally, staff outlined the process required to reach a Record of Decision for the site. A feasibility study will be completed by December 2006, Proposed Plans in summer 2007 and a Record of Decision to follow. It is expected that a cleanup will occur in summer 2008. Emily Youcha
10/12/2006 Update or Other Action Staff received the preliminary data from the 2006 investigation. Benzene exceeded the water quality standards (TAH) in the adjacent surface water and pore water concentrations were 1000 ug/L or more. Emily Youcha
10/12/2006 Meeting or Teleconference Held Staff met with the PRPs to discuss cleanup levels for the site. Staff informed that that DEC would like MEthod One cleanup levels (200 ppm) due to the recent discovery of benzene in the surface water (exceeding TAH standards) and pore water (pore water concentrations up to 1000 ug/L and higher). There is likely a point source in the landfill contributing to the high concentrations. It may be possible to negotiate the cleanup level higher (500 ppm) in areas that are not along the edge of the pad or if point sources are removed. Emily Youcha
7/12/2007 Exposure Tracking Model Ranking Intitial Ranking Complete for Source Area: 75086 (Autogenerated Action)
2/24/2009 Report or Workplan Review - Other Contaminated sites staff Stephens reviewed and approved a report: Supplemental Monitoring Report: Surface Water Monitoring and 2008 Site Visit, Camp Lonely Landfill. The purpose of the monitoring was to docment the current conditions ofn the pad and sample two surface water locations adjacent to the landfill. The pad appeared in good condition, no new erosion or releases. One of the two surface water samples exceeded Water Quality Standards for TAH and for TaqH. Tamar Stephens
4/13/2011 Report or Workplan Review - Other Contaminated sites and Department of Law staff reviewed and sent comments on the draft Camp Lonely Record of Decision for Camp Lonely Landfill and Associated Pad. The Decision Document addresses cleanup primarily of the landfill, but is intended to also cover cleanup of the areas of concern on the associated pad. Tamar Stephens
7/7/2011 Meeting or Teleconference Held Contaminated sites staff participated in a comment resolution meeting on July 7, for a decision document for the Camp Lonely Landfill and pad. Major concerns with the draft decision document were satisfactorily resolved. Major issues included a clearer understanding of: the scope of the proposed work; how previously undetected contaminants would be identified and managed during removal of the landfill; cleanup levels for confirmation sampling at the landfill and for treatment of petroleum-contaminated soil; cleanup of underlying native soil; and management of additional volumes of waste or contaminants if found. Representatives from the Bureau of Land Management Arctic Field Office were present, and options for obtaining a permit or right of entry to conduct the work were discussed. Tamar Stephens
12/13/2011 Update or Other Action DEC received draft final Decision Document Tamar Stephens
1/3/2012 Report or Workplan Review - Other DEC sent comments on draft final Decision Document. Tamar Stephens
3/27/2012 Meeting or Teleconference Held DEC participated in teleconference with PRPs and their consultant. Discussed Decision Document. DEC comments received, but PRP attorneys have concerns with legal issues with wording that may be difficult to resolve. Discussed whether a Decision Document was actually needed. DEC said it is not required under State regulations. Discussed that an early draft of cleanup plan is nearly complete and ready for circulation among PRPs. Discussed some technical elements of implementing the cleanup. Tamar Stephens
5/16/2012 Meeting or Teleconference Held DEC participated in teleconference with PRPs and their consultant. Discussed that PRPs have decided not to finalize the Decision Document; technical elements of draft Decision Document are incorporated into Cleanup Plan. Preliminary Cleanup Plan currently under review by PRPs. Tamar Stephens
6/20/2012 Meeting or Teleconference Held DEC participated in teleconference with PRPs and their consultant. Discussed project schedule and development of a cleanup plan. Tamar Stephens
8/23/2012 Update or Other Action DEC received draft Cleanup Plan. Tamar Stephens
9/19/2012 Meeting or Teleconference Held DEC participated in teleconference with PRPs and their consultant. Discussed project schedule. Discussed that DEC has received the draft cleanup plan and review is in progress. Tamar Stephens
10/9/2012 Report or Workplan Review - Other DEC reviewed and sent comments on draft Cleanup Plan. Cleanup is planned for summer of 2013. Tamar Stephens
10/17/2012 Meeting or Teleconference Held DEC participated in teleconference with PRPs and their consultant. Discussed project. DEC has completed review of Draft Cleanup Plan and returned comments; PRPs and consultant are working on comment responses. DEC emphasized importance of having Clean Plan designate clear lines of communication to be able to resolve field work issues quickly, given the large number of PRPs involved. Tamar Stephens
11/14/2012 Meeting or Teleconference Held DEC participated in teleconference with PRPs and their consultant. Schedule still on track for cleanup to occur in 2013. DEC has received responses to comments on draft cleanup plan and is reviewing them. DEC again stressed need for clear lines of communication during field work. Tamar Stephens
12/3/2012 Update or Other Action DEC received Draft Final Cleanup Plan. Tamar Stephens
12/19/2012 Cleanup Plan Approved DEC completed review of the draft final Cleanup Plan and sent an approval letter. Cleanup is planned for summer of 2013 and consists of the following major activities:Excavation of solid waste and contaminated soil from the Western Landfill; Excavation of solid waste and contaminated soil from the Northeast Landfill; Excavation of petroleum contaminated soil from six locations on the pad identified on Figure 3 of the cleanup plan; Treatment of petroleum contaminated soil by on-site landfarming; Transportation and off-site disposal of solid waste and soil with hazardous substances other than petroleum; Surface water monitoring following completion of active cleanup at the excavation areas. Approval letter included identification of additional elements that need to be submitted to DEC after cleanup contractor is selected and before field work commences, including Site Operations Plan, identifiation of responsible persons for the project, updating the organizational chart for the project, and identification of the analytical laboratory that will be used for this project. Tamar Stephens
12/23/2012 Meeting or Teleconference Held DEC participated in a teleconference with the PRPs and their consultant. Discussed that plans for cleanup are on schedule to award a contract for cleanup by February 1, with plans to mobilize to the site in April and begin cleanup operations in June 2013. Other permitting requirements, coordination with United States Fish and Wildlife for a Wildlife Interaction Plan, and coordination with Bureau of Land Management for right-of-way access, are on track. Tamar Stephens
1/17/2013 Update or Other Action DEC received Final Cleanup Plan Tamar Stephens
1/24/2013 Update or Other Action DEC sent letter is to acknowledge receipt of the Final Camp Lonely Site Cleanup Plan (Landfill and Associated Pad) (December 2012). The Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) received this document on January 17, 2013. DEC previously reviewed both the draft and the draft final versions of this cleanup plan, and sent an approval letter for the draft final cleanup plan on December 19, 2012. Therefore DEC does not need to review the final cleanup plan. No changes from draft final. Tamar Stephens
6/18/2013 Meeting or Teleconference Held Participated in first teleconference of the field season. Planned work includes excavation of the Western and Northeast Landfills, excavation of petroleum contaminated soil at 6 areas within the gravel pad, shipping solid waste and hazardous substances not suitable for landfarming off-site, and landfarming petroleum contaminated soil on-site. DEC will receive weekly field work status reports and participate in teleconferences every other week. Melody Debenham
9/24/2013 Meeting or Teleconference Held Participated in last teleconference of the field season. Removal activities are complete at the Western Landfill and the Northeast Landfill, and excavation activities are complete at the petroleum contamination areas within the gravel pad. 599 tons of solid waste and contaminated soil was shipped off-site this field season, including 213 tons of solid waste, 47 tons of asbestos containing materials, and 339 tons of lead, chromium, and PCB contaminated soil. Scrap metal for recycling is baled and staged for off-site transport next year. Petroleum contaminated soil is stockpiled on-site for landfarming next year. Melody Debenham
3/4/2014 Meeting or Teleconference Held Met with SLR to discuss preliminary results from 2013 field work and discuss plans for the 2014 field season. Melody Debenham
6/25/2014 Update or Other Action Provided comments on the draft summary report describing 2013 cleanup activities. The final report will include the 2013 and 2014 site activities. Melody Debenham
7/10/2014 Report or Workplan Review - Other Approved final Camp Lonely Site Cleanup: Surface Water Monitoring Plan, an addendum to the 2012 Camp Lonely Site Cleanup Plan describing the surface water monitoring program that will be initiated once the removal actions under the Cleanup Plan are completed. Four surface water locations around the perimeter of the site will be sampled annually for a minimum of 3 years. Samples will be analyzed for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and toluene. Melody Debenham
7/23/2014 Meeting or Teleconference Held Participated in first teleconference of the field season. Planned field activities include screening and landfarming petroleum contaminated soil, collecting surface water samples, and shipping remaining scrap metal and solid waste off-site. DEC will receive weekly field work status reports and participate in teleconferences every other week. Melody Debenham
9/17/2014 Meeting or Teleconference Held Participated in last teleconference of the field season. Landfarm operations are about 50% complete and will continue in 2015. In addition, 250 cubic yards of solid waste and 300 cubic yards of scrap metal are staged for off-site transport next year. Melody Debenham
7/8/2015 Update or Other Action Field work has resumed for the 2015 field season. Anticipated work includes completion of landfarming, removal of remaining solid waste and scrap metal, and surface water sampling. Melody Debenham
8/3/2015 Exposure Tracking Model Ranking A new updated ranking with ETM has been completed for source area 75086 Western Landfill. Melody Debenham
8/19/2015 Final Cleanup Report Reviewed Approved 2013-2014 Removal Action Report documenting removal actions and waste management activities at the Western Landfill, the Northeast Landfill, and the petroleum contaminated pad areas. Melody Debenham
8/19/2015 Report or Workplan Review - Other Approved 2014 Landfarm Status Report documenting landfarming of 11,500 cubic yards of petroleum contaminated soil. Multi-incremental sampling results are below established cleanup levels. An additional 15,500 cubic yards of petroleum contaminated soil will be landfarmed in 2015, covering the soil treated in 2014. Melody Debenham
8/19/2015 Report or Workplan Review - Other Approved 2014 Surface Water Monitoring Report. Four surface water samples were collected from around the pad area. No sheen was observed, and all results were non-detect. Melody Debenham
9/7/2015 Update or Other Action Demobilization complete for the 2015 field season. Landfarming activities are complete and all remaining scrap metal and solid waste was shipped off site. Melody Debenham
1/25/2016 Report or Workplan Review - Other Approved final 2015 Surface Water Monitoring Report. Four surface water samples were collected from around the pad area at the same locations as the 2014 samples. All results were non-detect. One more round of surface water monitoring planned for August 2016. Melody Debenham
5/24/2016 Final Cleanup Report Reviewed Approved final Camp Lonely Site Cleanup Landfarming Report documenting landfarm activities at the Camp Lonely site. Approximately 27,000 cubic yards of petroleum contaminated was treated by landfarming in 2014 and 2015. Confirmation sample results are below cleanup levels. Melody Debenham
9/2/2016 Update or Other Action Debris was observed eroding from the western side of the pad during surface water monitoring activities in July. Responsible parties provided a supplemental cleanup plan and mobilized to the site to begin debris removal. Melody Debenham
1/9/2017 Report or Workplan Review - Other Approved 2016 surface water monitoring report for Camp Lonely. Surface water samples were collected from the same 4 locations in 2014, 2015, and 2016. Samples were analyzed for BTEX. Results were non-detect for all 3 sampling events. No further surface water monitoring is required. Melody Debenham
1/17/2017 Update or Other Action Stephen Krause replaces Lori Roy as the AF RPM for Barter, Bullen, Wainwright, Lisburne, Point Lonely, Oliktok, Lake Louise, Big Mtn and Duncan Canal. John Carnahan
4/17/2017 Final Cleanup Report Reviewed Approved 2017 Camp Lonely Central Debris Area (CDA) Removal Action Report, which documents cleanup of debris observed at the western edge side of the pad in July 2016. The Department concurs with the report conclusion that no further soil removal or treatment is necessary at the CDA at this time. Jamie McKellar
9/11/2017 Exposure Tracking Model Ranking A new updated ranking with ETM has been completed for source area 75086 Western Landfill. Jamie McKellar

Contaminant Information

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