Division of Spill Prevention and Response

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Division of Spill Prevention and Response (SPAR)



A railroad tank car derailment in October 1999 near Canyon resulted in a spill of over 12,000 gallons of jet fuel.

The mission of the Division of Spill Prevention and Response is to prevent, respond and ensure the cleanup of unauthorized discharges of oil and hazardous substances.


The Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation’s Division of Spill Prevention and Response (SPAR) is responsible for protecting Alaska’s land, waters, and air from oil and hazardous substance spills. Alaskans have made a concerted effort to prevent and clean up spills. Significant progress has been made in the safe handling, storage and transportation of oil and chemicals and the cleanup of historic contamination. We will never totally eliminate the risk of spills, but we are constantly learning how to better manage that risk.


  • Safe Handling of Oil and Chemicals pamphlet (PDF 2.09M)

 

 

 


SPAR pursues its mission in three important ways:


Response

Keeping Alaska cleaner through rapid response and cleanup of contaminated sites. SPAR ensures an effective response through the identification and rapid abatement of dangerous acute human exposures to hazardous substances; timely characterization and remediation of chronic health exposure risks from hazardous substance releases; mitigation of the effects of spills on the environment and cultural resources; and restoration of property value and usability through adequate cleanup.


Keeping Alaska “cleaner” through rapid response and cleanup of contaminated sites.

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Alaska's Response Fund


The Oil and Hazardous Substance Release Prevention and Response Fund (also known as the “Response Fund”) was created by the Alaska Legislature in 1986 to provide funds for the safe handling and cleanup of oil and hazardous substances. The Response Fund is based on a per-barrel surcharge on crude oil production and is used for prevention, preparedness and response. State cleanup costs are recovered from the spiller, who is ultimately responsible for these costs. Although the fund has been largely self-sustaining for well over a decade, revenues are declining as crude oil production declines, making long-term budget planning a key concern. SPAR also receives federal funds for military and nonmilitary federal property cleanups, cleanup and remediation of rural bulk fuel facilities, voluntary site cleanups, operation of the underground storage tank spill prevention program, and cleanup of leaking underground storage tanks. SPAR may also seek federal reimbursement from the national Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund for costs incurred in oil spill response activities.


bullet See the diagram (PDF 195K) on the major components of Alaska's oil production, transportation and storage system.


For more information about the Division of Spill Prevention and Response, please contact:


Louise Cochrane, Secretary for Kristin Ryan, Director
Department of Environmental Conservation
Division of Spill Prevention and Response
410 Willoughby Ave., Suite 303
P.O. Box 111800
Juneau, AK 99811-1800
Telephone: (907) 465-5250
Fax Number: (907) 465-5262
Email: Louise.Cochrane@alaska.gov


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Contaminated Sites Program (CSP)

bullet CSP Homepage


The mission of the Contaminated Sites Program is to protect public safety, human health and the environment by identifying, overseeing and conducting the cleanup and management at contaminated sites in Alaska.


Services Provided

  • Identify, assess, rank, prioritize, track, and monitor the cleanup and management of over 2,300 contaminated sites in the state, including military, privately owned, and state-owned sites, rural bulk fuel storage facilities, leaking underground storage tank sites, and "orphan" sites (where the responsible party is unknown or unable to perform adequate remediation).
  • Conduct cleanups of highest-priority state-owned, privately owned, and orphan sites.
  • Provide technical assistance to responsible parties of contaminated sites.
  • Regulate contaminated site cleanups using a risk-based approach to protect human health and the environment and promote the economic re-use of contaminated properties.

Component Goals and Strategies

PREPAREDNESS: Prepare to Respond to Oil and Hazardous Substance Spills


RESPONSE: Clean Up Oil and Hazardous Substance Spills

  • Identify, track and investigate historic contaminated sites and their responsible parties.
  • Ensure proper site characterization regarding risk to human health and environment in order to prioritize severity of impacts, allocate staff resources, and assess the economics of remedial alternatives.
  • Ensure cleanup and management of contaminated sites by responsible parties.
  • Ensure consistent and measurable risk-based cleanup standards are applied on a site-specific basis.
  • Manage contracted environmental specialists to assess, characterize and remediate state-owned and "orphan sites."
  • Ensure cleanup of Formerly Used Defense Sites and other Department of Defense sites.
  • Enable restoration and reuse of properties damaged by low risk hazardous substance releases, through use of theStreamlined Cleanup Program and economic redevelopment initiatives.
  • Encourage alternative approaches to property redevelopment and prospective purchasers' agreements.
  • Ensure natural resources are restored to a safe, healthy, and economically usable state using a risk-based approach.

For more information about the Contaminated Sites Program, please contact:


Jennifer Roberts, Program Manager
Contaminated Sites Program
Spill Prevention and Response Division
Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation
555 Cordova St.
Anchorage, AK 99501-2617
Phone (907) 269-7553
Fax (907) 269-7649
Email Jennifer.Roberts@alaska.gov


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Industry Preparedness Program (IPP)

bullet IPP Homepage


The mission of the Industry Preparedness Program is to protect public safety, human health and the environment by ensuring that producers, transporters and distributors of crude oil and refined oil products and are fully prepared materially and financially to clean up spills and by preventing oil spills and releases from underground storage tank systems.


bullet See the Regulations and Statutes governing the Industry Preparedness Program.


Services Provided

  • Review and approve oil discharge prevention and contingency plans required under state law.
  • Conduct and participate in announced and unannounced spill drills to verify that regulated operators are in compliance with state response planning requirements.
  • Inspect regulated facilities and vessels for compliance with state spill prevention and Best Available Technology requirements.
  • Review and approve applications for proof of financial responsibility to ensure that regulated operators have the financial resources to carry out oil spill response operations.
  • Register oil spill primary response action contractors identified in oil discharge prevention and contingency plans.
  • Regulate and provide technical assistance and training to underground storage tank operators and owners for proper tank operation and maintenance and basic spill prevention, including registering, tagging and tracking regulated underground storage tanks and management of third-party tank inspection and worker certification programs.

Component Goals and Strategies

PREVENTION: Prevent Oil and Hazardous Substance Spills

  • Assist the oil industry in spill prevention, assuring that they have the personnel, equipment and financial resources to quickly respond to any spill and remediate possible environmental damage.
  • Implement an underground storage tank prevention plan which includes risk reduction measures, public outreach, mandatory inspections and tags, and as needed legal action.
  • Reduce the number and size of spills from underground storage tanks.

PREPAREDNESS: Prepare to Respond to Oil and Hazardous Substance Spills

The requirements apply to terminals and distributors of crude and refined oil products, marine tankers and barges that transport crude and refined oil products, nontank vessels over 400 gross tons, oil pipelines and onshore and offshore oil exploration and production facilities. Oil spill response action contractors also must register with the state.


For more information about the Industry Preparedness Program, please contact:


Industry Preparedness Program
ADEC Division of Spill Prevention and Response
555 Cordova Street
Anchorage, AK 99516-2617
Telephone: (907) 269-3054
Fax Number: (907) 269-7687
Email: Betty.Schorr@alaska.gov


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Prevention and Emergency Response Program (PERP)

bullet PERP Homepage


The mission of the Prevention and Emergency Response Program is to protect public safety, public health and the environment by preventing and mitigating the effects of oil and hazardous substance releases and ensuring their cleanup through government planning and rapid response.


Component Goals and Strategies

PREVENTION

  • Prevent and reduce the occurrence of oil spills and hazardous substance releases from unregulated sources through education and technical assistance to industry and the public.
  • Prevent spills from home heating oil tanks and state unregulated above ground storage/day tanks through the implementation of a targeted public outreach program.

PREPAREDNESS

  • Improve overall statewide spill response preparedness.
  • Expand the Alaska Spill Response Depot/Corp System through formal community spill response agreements with communities and the pre-positioning of response equipment for use by locally trained personnel.
  • Update and improve statewide and regional spill response plans.
  • Enhance the statewide hazardous materials response capability through meetings, drills and coordinated training, as well as improving local community preparedness.
  • Conduct joint training and discharge exercises.
  • Develop and maintain response tools such as the Alaska Incident Management System, the Unified and Regional Plans, and common software and standardized terminology among response agencies.
  • Improve statewide staff mobilization and logistical support functions to ensure prompt and effective state response.

RESPONSE

  • Rapidly respond to protect public health and welfare, environment, and natural and cultural resources from the direct or indirect effects of oil and hazardous substance releases.
  • Ensure a prompt and adequate cleanup of spills by the responsible parties.
  • Apply consistent and measurable cleanup standards.
  • Ensure the safety of responders and the public from the effects of spill incidents.
  • Assess and cleanup state-led or state-augmented spill responses.
  • Assess damages to the environment and ensure natural resources are restored to a safe, healthy, and economically usable state.

PERP Brochure (PDF)

 

For a more detailed description of the Prevention and Emergency Response Program see the the brochure, "Prevention and Emergency Response Program" (PDF 579K)

or

To request a copy of the print version, contact PERP by email or phone (907) 465-5242.


For more information about the Prevention & Emergency Response Program, please contact:


Gary Folley, Program Manager
ADEC Division of Spill Prevention and Response
43335 Kalifonsky Beach Road, Suite 11
Soldotna, AK 99669
Telephone: (907) (907)262-3411
Fax Number: (907)262-5210
Email: Gary.Folley@alaska.gov


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Response Fund Administration (RFA)

bullet RFA Homepage


The mission of the Response Fund Administration is to manage the Oil and Hazardous Substance Release Prevention and Response Fund as a viable, long-term funding source for the state's core spill prevention and response programs. The program manages the Prevention and Response Accounts of the Oil & Hazardous Substances Release Prevention and Response Fund, including the recovery of state costs for responding to spills from the responsible party or other sources of funding if recovery from the responsible party is not possible. The program also manages the Underground Storage Tank Revolving Loan Fund and issues fund grants and loans, is responsible for the receipt and expenditure of federal dollars for cleanup of federal facilities, and oversees the Division's professional services contracts.


Services Provided

  • Provide accurate three-year projections of the Response Fund balance and accurate and timely expenditure and revenue reporting to support fund management strategy.
  • Target budget requests to limit annual funding requests to revenue available from the prevention account surcharge.
  • Develop a long-term strategy for maintaining core spill prevention and response program with available revenue.
  • Process grants and loans for underground storage tank cleanup and manages CIP expenditures for cleanup at state owned facilities.
  • Track all state spill response expenditures and initiates timely billings to responsible parties to ensure maximum recovery of state costs.
  • Identifie and pursue other cost recovery sources such as the Federal Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund and participates in the settlement of cost recovery claims with the Department of Law.
  • Manages and maintains contracts with private firms engaged in cleanup and remediation work for the Department.
  • Prepare biennial Response Fund and annual Underground Storage Tank Revolving Loan Fund reports.
  • In the case of a major spill response, support the Finance Section within the Incident Command System.

For more information about the Response Fund Administration, please contact:


Jeff Hoover , Program Manager
Response Fund Administration
ADEC Division of Spill Prevention and Response
410 Willoughby Ave., Suite 303
P.O. Box 111800
Juneau, AK 99811-1800
Telephone: (907) 465-5270
Fax Number: (907) 465-5262
Email: Jeff.Hoover@alaska.gov


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