Division of Spill Prevention and Response

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US Coast Guard, Integrated Support Command, Kodiak

Database Name: On our database search page, enter "kodiak" for the city and "USCG" under site name

Status: Active

Location: Kodiak

Latitude: See database entries

Longitude: See database entries

See DEC Brownfields Web page

DEC Contaminated Sites contact: Jeff Brownlee, Project Manager - (907) 269-3053           

Contacts updated: August 2006

Summary updated: August 2006

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Description

The United States Coast Guard, Integrated Support Command, Kodiak facility is located in the Municipality of Kodiak, Alaska. The Support Center occupies approximately 23,000 acres, including much of the Buskin River Valley and Womens Bay. The Support Center is owned and operated by the United States Coast Guard. It is the main Coast Guard base for the North Pacific security, fisheries and search and rescue operations. The Support Center currently employs approximately 2,500 individuals (civilian and military) and provides on-site housing for Support Center personnel.


Many of the buildings and structures at the Support Center are from the World War II era when the Department of Defense established a Naval Base on Kodiak Island. The purpose of the base was to protect the Gulf of Alaska and serve as an intermediate point between installations at Cold Bay and Sitka. Between 1947 and 1969, Navy activities on Kodiak Island were phased out. On July 1, 1972, the entire complex was turned over to the Coast Guard.

 

Threats and Contaminants

Fifty years of military and Coast Guard operations have resulted in soil, groundwater, sediment and surface water contamination. Contaminants of potential concern include petroleum compounds, PCBs, paints, solvents, metals, herbicides, pesticides and leachate from solid waste that may effect human health and the environment. Possible impacts to the Buskin River, which runs through the Support Center, are being evaluated.


An example of a high priority contaminated site is Drury Gulch. This drainage area was used as a disposal site during military operations in the 1960's and 1970's. The site was covered with soil sometime in the mid 1080's. Soil sampling in 1998-99 documented high levels of PCBs in the soils in the gulch. The site was investigated in 1999, 2001 and 2004. The preferred remedial action was implemented at the site in 2005 and is expected to be completed by the end of the 2006 field season. The preferred remedy is hot spot removal and offsite disposal of PCB concentrations over 10 mg/kg. The remaining areas of the gulch that have been historically disturbed will then be covered with at least a two-foot soil cap. The area will then be institutionally controlled so that the land use remains the same and no subsurface excavations take place without proper soil management.

 

Public Health and Environmental Concerns

Soil and water contamination at various sites in the area pose both a potential human and ecological risk. Buskin Lake serves as the primary source of drinking water for the Support Center. There are no drinking water wells located on the USCG base. The Buskin River runs through the facility and is an anadromous fish stream. The nature and extent of the contamination and impacts on human and ecological receptors is continually being evaluated.

 

Current Status

The Army Corps of Engineers is responsible for cleaning up contamination from past military activities, while the USCG is responsible for cleaning up problems from its operations (along with anything the Corps does not cleanup). Together they have conducted numerous investigations and cleanup actions at over 37 known sites on the USCG facility under various state and federal programs. EPA issued the USCG a RCRA hazardous waste management facility permit on December 23, 1997. DEC coordinates oversight activities with EPA to ensure the work meets state requirements.


The USCG and the Corps of Engineers are continuing systematic investigations, monitoring program and cleanup at sites throughout the base. Many of the solid waste management units (SWMUs) listed in the RCRA permit have been cleaned up and issued closure notices by both EPA and DEC.

 

More Information

Site Summary (PDF 14K), 1999

Army Corps of Engineers fact sheet, spring of 2006, (PDF 1.1MB)