Division of Spill Prevention and Response


King Salmon Air Station - Lake Camp

Incident location map. Summary Date: April 2004 View detailed information from database on this site.arrow
Status:  Active Other Name: Naknek II Recreation Camp
Location: King Salmon, Alaska Latitude/Longitude: See individual database entries

DEC Contaminated Sites Contact: Jonathan Schick, Project Manager - 907-269-3077
U.S. Air Force Contact: Charley Peyton, U.S. Air Force, 611 CES/CEVR - (907) 552-9765

See also these summaries:King Salmon Air Station and King Salmon Air Station - Rapids Camp

Click on photos or maps for larger versions.

Topograpic map of area. Click to see a larger version.

Topographical map of King Salmon and site location.



The Naknek II Recreation Camp (also known as Lake Camp) functioned as an off-base recreational facility of the King Salmon Air Station. The King Salmon Air Station is situated on the Alaska Peninsula adjacent to Bristol Bay and Katmai National Park and Preserve, about 280 air miles southwest of Anchorage, and is adjacent to the community of King Salmon. Lake Camp was part of a 1952 United States Air Force (USAF) project aimed at constructing morale, recreation, and welfare facilities; Lake Camp was established for military personnel and their families. Lake Camp is situated on the north shore of Naknek River, midway between Kvichak Bay and Naknek Lake, approximately six miles east of the Air Station. The camp occupies about 10 acres of land. The facility operated between 1956 to 1977 providing hunting, fishing, and camping services, and contained equipment and structures to support outdoor activities such as boat docks and storage, fish camps, lodging, a vehicle maintenance facility, landfill, and fuel storage facilities (for a generator and recreational boats).

A cost study by the General Accounting Office directed the USAF to consider closing the camp; the USAF responded by closing the camp on a temporary basis in 1975. In 1978, the lodge burned down and was buried on-site, but other support structures remained. The portion of Lake Camp land adjacent to the Naknek River (used for boat docks and storage) was revoked in 1969; this land is now managed by the National Park Service. Land use in the area includes residential and recreational uses.

The facility has been divided into seven zones based on similarities in groundwater movement, contaminants of concern, geology, and location; these zones include the five areas within the King Salmon vicinity and two recreational areas east of King Salmon. Forty Installation Restoration Program (IRP) sites and 15 areas of concerns have been identified at King Salmon Air Station and are at various stages of investigation, cleanup, monitoring, or closure. The IRP sites at Lake Camp include:


  • King Salmon AS OT033 GW Zone 7

  • King Salmon AS Lake Camp Ldge/ Disp Pit DP03/LF02

  • King Salmon AS Lake Camp Landfill LF01

  • King Salmon AS Lake Camp Veh. Maint SS04

  • King Salmon AS Lake Camp Wetld SS06

  • King Salmon AS Lake Camp Gen. Pad SS05


Hazardous and potentially hazardous substances used and stored at the facility include diesel fuel and gasoline, oil, antifreeze, solvents for servicing and cleaning equipment, pesticides, and electrical transformers containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The Air Force is the responsible party for cleaning up these sites following the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) standards for protecting people, animals, and the environment. DEC oversees the cleanup to assure it meets the State of Alaska standards. The Air Force and DEC work with community members through a Restoration Advisory Board.


Public Health and Environmental Concerns


The environmental concerns at Lake Camp include:


  • Diesel-range organic compounds (DRO) in soil and groundwater at LF001 Drum Landfill, SS004 Former Vehicle Maintenance Facility and SS005 Former Generator Pad; and

  • Exposure to potentially hazardous substances in the landfills at LF001 Drum Landfill, DP003 Former Lodge and Disposal Pit, and LF002 Construction Debris Landfill.


People may be exposed to DRO and landfill pollutants through vapor inhalation, direct contact with the skin, or accidental ingestion of contaminated soil or water at these sites. Private drinking water wells are used in the area, however, sampling has shown no site-related contaminants within these wells.


Current Status


A draft Record of Decision is undergoing review by DEC and USAF; the Proposed Plan was sent out for public comment in February 2000. The remedial action objectives include:


  • reducing concentrations of contaminants of concern in soil and groundwater to meet cleanup levels;

  • prevention or minimization of direct exposure to contaminated soil, debris and potentially hazardous substances in the landfill, and DRO in the groundwater during the cleanup process; and

  • prevention of migration of contaminants of concern from the landfill at levels presenting an unacceptable risk to human health or the environment.


The selected remedies include:


  • removal and treatment of DRO-contaminated soil in on-facility bioremediation cells;

  • removal and proper disposal of extruding drums and debris;

  • installation of a vegetated landfill cover;

  • monitored natural attenuation of the contaminated groundwater; and

  • implementation of institutional controls to minimize direct exposure to contaminated soil, groundwater or hazardous landfill contaminants and minimize contaminant migration.


Community involvement continues through fact sheets/newsletters, public meetings, DEC e-mail updates, and Restoration Advisory Board (RAB) meetings with DEC, the Air Force, and the community.


2003 aerial photo.

Image courtesy of the U.S. Air Force


More Information


Contaminated Sites Database reports - There are a number of individual "contaminated sites" at Lake Camp, and reports on the status of each are available on DEC's Contaminated Sites Database. Please search for the sites below to review the reports. We have a glossary available to help you with any acronyms used in the reports.


  • King Salmon AS OT033 GW Zone 7

  • King Salmon AS Lake Camp Ldge/ Disp Pit DP03/LF02

  • King Salmon AS Lake Camp Landfill LF01

  • King Salmon AS Lake Camp Veh. Maint SS04

  • King Salmon AS Lake Camp Wetld SS06

  • King Salmon AS Lake Camp Gen. Pad SS05