Division of Spill Prevention and Response

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Contents

Title page

Acknowledgements

Disclaimer

Foreword

Contents

Revision form

Planning Tactics

P-1: Developing Treatment Goals and Strategies

P-2: Understanding the Tundra Environment

P-3: Understanding the Effects of Spills on the Tundra

P-4: Minimizing Physical Damage to Tundra

P-5: Tundra Travel

Contaminant Recovery Tactics

CR-1: Sorbents

CR-2: Manual Removal

CR-3: Snow Management

CR-4: Drainage Protection

CR-5: Land Barriers

CR-6: Recovery with Skimmers and Pumps

CR-7: Flooding

CR-8: Flushing

CR-9: Trenching

CR-10: Burning Contaminated Vegetation

CR-11: Removing Contaminated Vegetation

CR-12: Mechanical Removal—Scraping, Trimming, and Brushing

CR-13: Excavation for Offsite Disposal

Tundra Rehabilitation Tactics

TR-1: Draining and Dewatering

TR-2: Extending the Growing Season

TR-3: Fertilization for Hydrocarbon Degradation (Bioremediation)

TR-4: Irrigation

TR-5: Aeration

TR-6: Tilling

TR-7: Enhancing Natural Revegetation

TR-8: Fertilization for Vegetation Recovery

TR-9: Transplanting Vegetation

TR-10: Tundra Sodding

TR-11: Seeding

TR-12: Backfilling

TR-13: Soil Amendments

Assessment and Monitoring Tactics

AM-1: Delineation of the Spill Area

AM-2: Field Indicators

AM-3: Preventing Damage from Clean-up Activities

AM-4: Testing Soil and Water for Contaminants

AM-5: Testing Soil and Water for Revegetation

AM-6: Monitoring Vegetation

Bibliography


Updated: 12/20/2010