Construction and Demolition Waste in Rural Alaska
Construction and demolition (C&D) waste in rural communities can be created in large quantities from the construction, demolition, or renovation of community or commercial facilities and water and sewer systems. Disposal of C&D waste can be difficult in rural Alaska where a permitted landfill may not be available, the landfill does not accept C&D waste, or the landfill lacks adequate space to accommodate the volume of waste for disposal.
The contractor that generates C&D waste is responsible for ensuring that it is properly disposed in a permitted landfill. Disposal of C&D waste in an unpermitted landfill is illegal and can result in enforcement action by ADEC against the generator. However, even in a permitted landfill, improper disposal of C&D waste in rural communities can cause many problems, such as:
- The waste takes up a large amount of landfill space and shortens the life of the landfill.
- The community is not compensated for the disposal, either in fees or in-kind services.
- Hazardous materials are not backhauled.
- Unused, but unwanted materials are left in the community.
What the Community Should Know
Rural landfills are not required to accept C&D waste, even from projects that benefit the community such as water/sewer projects or housing improvement projects. To avoid shortening the life of the landfill, rural communities should consider requiring alternative disposal options for C&D waste.
Waste disposal options should be discussed with the contracting agency when a community project is being planned so that the disposal requirements for the project are appropriately addressed in the contract and bid documents.