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APDES Permitting for Wastewater Discharges from Oil and Gas Facilities and Activities in Alaska

About the Oil and Gas Section

The Oil and Gas Section issues state permits for wastewater disposals to land and APDES permits for wastewater discharges to Waters of the U.S. specifically for the Oil and Gas Sector based on local knowledge and conditions, receiving water characteristics, industry processes, and treatment technology in the oil and gas sector. An Operator of a facility related to Oil and Gas Exploration, Development, or Production activities seeking authorization to discharge wastewater to surface waters must apply for an APDES permit. Two types of permits are available for the oil and gas sector.

  • A General Permit (GP) is issued on a state-wide, regional, or geographical basis for a category of disposal activities that are similar in nature and will comply with applicable water quality standards. A general permit application, known as a notice of intent (NOI) form, shall be submitted by the permittees that seek to obtain a discharge authorization under a general permit (see General Permit Tab).
  • An Individual Permit (IP) is developed and issued for a facility that is not eligible for coverage under a general permit (see Individual Permit Tab).

The Oil and Gas Section Contacts:

Staff Email Title Phone
Gerry Brown, P.E. Technical Engineer II, Section Manager 907-269-4874
Jim Heumann, P.E. Engineer II 907-465-5171
Anita Erickson, P.E. Engineer I 907-269-7616
Jamie Grant Environmental Specialist III 907-269-4720
Marc Bentley Environmental Specialist III 907-269-6287

About the Cook Inlet Exploration GP

Cook Inlet Coverage Area Map Otherwise known as the "Cook Inlet Exploration GP," AKG315100 authorizes certain wastewater discharges from mobile oil and gas exploration facilities operating in state waters of the Cook Inlet. This permit does not authorize discharges from fixed oil and gas exploration facilities or development and production facilities. The area of coverage includes specified state waters north of the southern end of Kalgin Island and landward of the three nautical mile demarcation of the territorial sea. Discharges are prohibited in water less than 10 meters depth or within 4,000 meters of sensitive areas as defined by the permit and fact sheet. Several discharge outfalls may be eligible mixing zone authorizations (see Fact Sheet for details). Based on discharges applicable to mobile oil and gas exploration activities, the following wastewater discharge authorizations are available under the permit:

  • 001 Drilling Fluids &Cuttings
  • 002 Deck Drainage
  • 003 Domestic Wastewater
  • 004 Graywater
  • 005 Desalination Unit Wastes
  • 006 Blowout Preventer Fluid
  • 007 Boiler Blowdown
  • 008 Fire Control System Test Water
  • 009 Non-Contact Cooling Water
  • 010 Uncontaminated Ballast Water
  • 011 Bilge Water
  • 012 Excess Cement Slurry
  • 013 Mud, Cuts & Cement at Seafloor
  • 019 Test Fluids

AKG315100 Information and Forms

Technical Contact: Anita Erickson
Environmental Engineer I
Phone: 907-269-7616
Fax: 907-334-2415
Email: Anita.Erickson@alaska.gov

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About the New Cook Inlet GP

A new Cook Inlet GP which may authorize certain wastewater discharges from oil and gas exploration, production, and development facilities operating in state waters is currently under early development and consideration. At this stage in permit development, permit writers review relevant data from industry, permits, scientific resources, models, and regulations affecting industry, to determine which discharges should be included in the permit. Once a permit writer completes a Preliminary Draft Permit, industry stakeholders are invited to provide comments on the Permit. Industry stakeholder comments are considered by DEC in developing a Draft Permit, which is then made available for public comments during a public comment period. The following is a detailed flowchart of the permit development and public involvement opportunities: Participation Flow Diagram for the General Permit Development Process

To receive information about APDES permit updates and public comment opportunities, Sign Up for APDES ListServ Notifications .

AKG315200 Development Information and Contact Information

Technical Contact: Anita Erickson
Environmental Engineer I
Phone: 907-269-7616
Fax: 907-334-2415
Email: Anita.Erickson@alaska.gov

About the Pipeline GP

Statewide Pipeline Permit Coverage Area Otherwise known as the "Pipeline GP," AKG320000 was developed to cover certain wastewater discharges from construction, operation, and maintenance activities for significant oil and gas pipelines as well as HDD operations which have the potential to discharge into freshwaters of the US in the State of Alaska. A 500-foot mixing zone for turbidity and residues from Discharges 001, 003, and 004, is available for approved mixing zone applications. Under AKG320000, a permittee may obtain an authorization for the following potential discharge sources:

  • 001 Drill Fluids & Drill Cuttings
  • 002 Domestic Wastewater
  • 003 Gravel Pit Dewatering
  • 004 Excavation Dewatering
  • 005 Hydrostatic Test Water
  • 006 Construction Stormwater
  • 006 Industrial Stormwater
  • 007 Mobile Spill Response

Permit Documents and Forms

Technical Contact: Jamie Grant
Environmental Program Specialist III
Phone: 907-269-4720
Fax: 907-334-2415
Email: Jamie.Grant@alaska.gov

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About the North Slope GP

North Slope Permit Coverage Area Otherwise known as "The North Slope GP," AKG332000 authorizes certain wastewater discharges to marine, freshwater, and tundra environments from facilities related to oil and gas exploration, development and production in the North Slope Borough. Currently, a 200-meter mixing zone for fecal coliform bacteria and residues from graywater discharges (Discharge 002) may be authorized under this permit. To request discharge authorization under the permit, applicants must submit a NOI. A new eNOI process is available in the Division of Water's OASys. Eligible facilities may apply for the following wastewater discharge authorizations:

  • 002 Graywater
  • 003 Gravel Pit Dewatering
  • 004 Excavation Dewatering
  • 005 Hydrostatic Test Water
  • 006 Construction Stormwater
  • 006 Industrial Stormwater
  • 007 Mobile Spill Response
  • 008 Secondary Containment

Permit Documents and Forms

Technical Contact: Jamie Grant
Environmental Program Specialist III
Phone: 907-269-4720
Fax: 907-334-2415
Email: Jamie.Grant@alaska.gov

About Oil and Gas Stormwater Permitting

To learn more about who is eligible for an Oil and Gas Stormwater Exemption, read each of the following links:

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About the Arctic Geotech GP

Arctic Geotech Permit Coverage Area Otherwise known as the "Arctic Geotech GP," AKG2831000 authorizes certain wastewater discharges from facilities conducting geotechnical surveys in state waters of the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas. The area of coverage includes specified state waters landward of the three nautical mile demarcation of the territorial sea. The Permit contains several discharge prohibitions based on area, proximity, or water depth and some time-area restrictions to minimize impacts on subsistence and habitat areas (see Fact Sheet for details). A 100-meter chronic mixing zone has been authorized for discharge outfalls (001, 003, and 004) and a 100-meter zone of deposit for outfall (001). The following wastewater discharge authorizations are available to eligible facilities under the permit:

  • 001 Drilling Fluids &Cuttings
  • 002 Deck Drainage
  • 003 Domestic Wastewater
  • 004 Graywater
  • 005 Desalination Unit Wastes
  • 008 Fire Control System Test Water
  • 009 Non-Contact Cooling Water
  • 010 Uncontaminated Ballast Water
  • 011 Bilge Water
  • 012 Excess Cement Slurry

Permit Documents and Forms

Technical Contact: Jamie Grant
Environmental Program Specialist III
Phone: 907-269-4720
Fax: 907-334-2415
Email: Jamie.Grant@alaska.gov

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About the Class I UIC Well GP

Underground Injection Control Well Permit Coverage Area EPA is the primary justristictional authority for deep subsurface disposal through Part C of the Safe Drinking Water Act's Underground Injection Control Program. The Class I UIC Well GP (2016DB0001) satisfies AS 46.03.100 and AS 46.03.110 which describes State of Alaska permit and plan review requirements for disposal of non-domestic wastewater into or onto the land or groundwaters of the State. The Permit only applies applicants who have been issued a Class I UIC Permit through EPA are eligible for coverage under the Permit.

Permit Documents and Forms

Technical Contact: Marc Bentley
Environmental Program Specialist III
Phone: 907-269-6287
Fax: 907-334-2415
Email: Marc.Bentley@alaska.gov

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Note: The Oil and Gas General Permit list is not an exhaustive list of APDES general permits. Other general permits may exist that meet permittee discharge needs. However, if the applicant is within the oil and gas sector or primary business is a support facility or activity of the oil and gas sector and an oil and gas general permit can provide coverage for the requested discharge(s), then the applicant must seek authorization to discharge under the that permit. Applicants requesting authorization to discharge under a general permit must complete the required forms defined in the corresponding permit sections above. If a general permit is not an appropriate solution, then an individual permit (see tab above) may need to be considered.

Who needs an APDES Individual Permit

An APDES permit is required whenever there is a discharge of pollutants to waters of the U.S., including the ocean, lakes, rivers, streams, wetlands, permafrost, and tundra. In many cases, an applicant may seek coverage under a general permit that has pre-approved limits, conditions, and a simplified application process. However, if a general permit is not available for a discharge from a particular activity or facility, or there are unique aspects to the facility that are not addressed in a general permit, an applicant may request that an individual permit be developed. Alternatively, the Department may require any entity authorized by a general permit to apply for and obtain an individual permit, or any interested person may petition the Department to take this action, see 18 AAC 83.215 (PDF) for more information.

To learn more about the development process of an individual permit and about opportunities to participate in the process, see the APDES Individual Permit Process Section below.

APDES Individual Permit Process

Permitting Process Flow Diagram

To receive information about APDES permit updates and public comment opportunities, Sign Up for APDES ListServ Notifications.

Individual Permit Application Forms

Individual permit requests must be made by submitting APDES permit application Form 1 and one or more supplementary forms (Forms 2C, 2D, 2E) as well as the Antidegradation Form 2G. Form 2M may also be included for applicants requesting a mixing zone.

APDES Form Description
Form 1 (PDF) General Application Form
Must be completed by all applicants required to obtain an individual APDES permit.
Form 2C (PDF) Existing Industrial Facility Supplemental Application Form
Waste characterization for a permit to discharge process wastewater from existing facilities.
Form 2D (PDF) New Sources & New Dischargers Supplemental Application Form
Waste characterization for a permit to discharge process wastewater from new sources and discharges.
Form 2E (PDF) Non-Process Wastewater Supplemental Application Form
Waste characterization for a permit to discharge non-process wastewater.
Form 2G (PDF) Antidegradation Analysis Form
The Antidegradation Form must be completed by all applicants for APDES individual permits.
Form 2M (PDF) Mixing Zone Request Form
A Mixing Zone Form must be completed by any applicant requesting a mixing zone for one or more pollutants in a discharge.

Other Information Coming Soon

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