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DEC's Brownfield Assessment and Cleanup Projects

Brownfield Funded Projects in Alaska


Since 2003, DEC's Brownfield staff has been working with Alaska communities to identify their concerns about contaminated properties. Brownfields are properties where reuse, redevelopment, or expansion is hindered by real or perceived environmental contamination. Brownfields can be large or small; vacant or developed. The brownfield "vision" focuses on sustainable redevelopment, which takes many forms: parks and green space, public facilities, new businesses, residential developments, and more. DEC's brownfield assistance can help you make those decisions.

The biggest obstacle to cleaning up and revitalizing contaminated sites is funding. Our assessments can give communities a definite advantage when applying for federal and state grants and other assistance. Our assessment funding comes through the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and our staff also helps communities get other types of Brownfield grants and services.

DEC facilitates assessment


DEC Brownfield Assessments and Cleanups (DBACs) are available to public, quasi-public, and non-profit entities, such as city and borough governments, tribal councils, Native corporations, and community development organizations. A DBAC helps identify contamination at a property, evaluates how the contamination could be managed to facilitate future use, and provides an estimate of cleanup costs. DEC conducts between three and ten DBACs each year using either federal funding from EPA. Assessments provide additional data at sites where a lack of environmental information has thwarted redevelopment opportunities. (See more information about Brownfields.) Some highlights of our DBAC projects using our federal State & Tribal Response funding over the years are summarized below:

Brownfield Projects

State Fiscal Year 2018 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups


Kake– Keku Cannery

Requested by the Organizaed Village of Kake
Project: Hazardous Building Materials Abatement (Cleanup)

 Keku Cannery in Kake, Alaska
Photo of the Keku Cannery in Kake, Alaska. 

The Keku cannery operated as a fish processing and packaging plant from the early 1900's until 1977 when the plant was closed. The buildings and docks fell into disrepair and two large warehouses collapsing into the bay. Parts of machinery, equipment and vehicles were left inside the main cannery building. The cannery was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1997 due to its cultural significance as the cannery was built in 1912 on the site of a traditional Tlingit fishing camp.

Once the main building of the Keku Cannery is renovated, the Organized Village of Kake (OVK) plans to use the facility as a cultural center, historical museum, restaurant, a Tribal Transportation Office, and a market place for native goods. In significant preservation and rehabilitation efforts OVK has obtained over $2 million in funding in order to stabilize the main cannery building and determine the extent of hazardous substances on the property.

In SFY 2014, the Organized Village of Kake received DBAC sevices to conduct a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment.  An asbestos abatement was completed in 2015, but additional hazardous materials remained.  In FFY 2015, the Organized Village of Kake received a Targeted Brownfields Assessment (TBA) from the EPA which located asbestos containing materials, metal halide and fluorescent light bulbs with possible PCB containing light ballasts, and mercury containing thermostats and switches.  In SFY 2018, the OVK was awarded DBAC services to abate the remaining Hazardous Building Materials.

Project Documents

Ruby – Ruby Former Head Start Building

Requested by ADNR
Project: Phytoremediation upkeep (Cleanup Followup)

Phytoremediation the the Ruby Former Head Start Building in Ruby Alaska
Photo of the Former Headstart Building in Ruby, Alaska.  Photo courtesy of 2016 DBAC PACP report.

The property was a school  site dating back to 1963, and potentially as far back as 1917.  The current building was constructed in 1963 with it being reportedly utilized from 1981 to 2006 as a headstart school by Tanana Chief’s Conference. During a routine inspection, strong petroleum and chemical odors were noted along the base of the building.  The community would like to reuse the property and building as a community gathering area for potlatchs, weddings, school functions or emergency housing.

In SFY 2016, Ruby and ADNR were awarded DBAC services to conduct a Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan which included a Hazardous Building Material Survey, soil characterization, and air sampling. The PACP identified multiple building materials that contained asbestos; petroleum contaminants above ADEC cleanup levels; and air sampling found fuel-related contaminants in the buildings air, but suggested that the contaminants were from an indoor source rather than from the contamination in the soil.  In SFY 2017, ADNR was awarded DBAC services to conduct a cleanup.  Soil was excavated including underneath an Underground Home Heating Oil Tank and phytoremediation plots were set up in September 2017. The soil undergoing phytoremediation will require follow up sampling. SFY 2018’s project includes work to replant some of the willows that did not survive due to inadequate moisture, and also install an irrigation system.

Project Documents

Arctic Village – Arctic Village Former Power Plant

Requested by the Native Village of Venetie
Project: Hazardous Building Materials abatement (Cleanup)

 Arctic Village Former Power Plant in Arctic Village, Alaska
Photo of the former power plant in Arctic Village, Alaska. Image courtesy of 2016 DBAC Report.

The building was constructed as a washeteria in 1976, and later served as an electrical power generation plant, maintenance shop and storage area.  In 1994, ADEC documented soil staining near the ASTs and fuel saturated soil beneath the building. The community is seeking to revitalize the area as a community greenspace, elder/youth instruction area, and public gathering/potlach area due to its proximity to the Village store, youth center, church, and city council.

A phase I conducted in 2007 by the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council indicated previous fuel spills (4,000-5,000 gallons) were reported spilled inside the building and outside in the area surrounding three former 6,000 gallon aboveground storage tanks; approximately 20-25 cubic yards of diesel fuel soil and some debris were removed from the site in the past; and other potential hazards such as exposed insulation and electrical transformer were present.  The phase I recommended further assessment.  In SFY 2016 Arctic Village was awarded a DBAC to conduct a Hazardous Building Materials survey along with limited site assessment.  In SFY 2018 the community is seeking a hazardous building materials abatement with soil excavation and remediation.

Project Documents

Circle – Yukon Trading Post

Requested by Danzhit Hanlaii Corporation
Project: Soil Removal and Remediation (Cleanup)

 Aerial view of Yukon Trading Post, Circle, Alaska
Aerial view of the Yukon Trading Post and wells in Circle, Alaska. Image courtesy of ADEC site file.

The Yukon Trading Post is located near the Steese Highway and River Street intersection in Circle, Alaska. The Yukon Trading Post was used as a gas station from approximately the 1970s-1990s.  One 5,000 gallon Underground Storage Tank (UST) and two 2,000 gallon USTs were removed from the site in 1994.  The removal report indicates that the dispensing islands and piping were not assessed when the USTs were removed, and that contamination was present in the soil above ADEC cleanup levels.  Additional site characterization in 1999 indicated that the majority of contamination remained around the dispensing island.

The property has three potential reuses: 1) Safety: A Kids Don't Float bulletin board to provide information and life jackets to the general public due to the properties close proximity to the boat launch (requires site be cleaned up to standards supporting foot traffic); 2) Recycling: A staging area for aluminum can recycling. There is a recycling program in Circle that would benefit having an aluminum can staging area. This area would be ideal due to its proximity to the community hall, the boat launch and the community recreation area (requires site to be cleaned up to standards supporting foot traffic); 3) Culture: If the site is deemed unsafe for foot traffic, access could be restricted by erecting a monument having cultural significance to the residence. The site is appropriate for this use due to its proximity to the community hall.

The services projected for FY2018 include soil removal and remediation (cleanup). 

State Fiscal Year 2017 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups


Talkeetna – Old Library Site

Requested by the Matanuska Susitna Borough
Project: Hazardous Building Materials Abatement (Cleanup)

 Removal of asbestos containing materials at the Old Talkeetna Library in Talkeetna, Alaska
Photo of Hazardous Materials Abatement in Talkeetna, Alaska. Photo courtesy of ADEC site file.

The old Talkeetna Library was a 1950’s era FAA building that was moved to its last location in 1982, added on to in 1995, and was used as a library until 2015.  A previous hazardous material survey found asbestos, mercury and lead based paint in the building that had been used in the building’s construction and renovations.

The community of Talkeetna plans to construct a skate park where the old library stood. In SFY 2017 the Matanuska Susitna Borough was awarded a DBAC service to abate the hazardous building materials in the old Talkeetna Library.  The community of Talkeetna is currently fundraising for their skate park.

Project Documents

Tanana – Tanana Community Hall

Requested by the Tanana Tribal Council
Project: Site Characterization (Assessment)

 Aerial view of Tanana Community Hall in Tanana, Alaska
Figure showing contamination limits at Tanana Community Hall in Tanana, Alaska. Figure courtesy of 2017 Site Assessment.

The property was historically used by the federal Alaska Railroad from the 1950s and conveyed to the Native Corporations, Tozitna Limited and Doyon via the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) in the 1985.  Historical use suggest the property was used as a wood stave tank farm to store Bunker C (No. 6) fuel oil.  In 2013 ADEC was notified that contaminated soil was encountered while a ditch was being dug along the roadway. The current community hall was built in the 1960s and has inefficient utilities.  The community would like to use the area where the contamination is, to build a new community hall with “green technology” and improve the adjacent parking lot.  The plans for the property also include a picnic area and cooking area.

In SFY 2015, Tanana Tribal Council was granted DBAC services to conduct a Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (PACP).  Petroleum constituents were found in the surface soil above ADEC cleanup levels, and reported a distinct “tar” layer in the soil.  In SFY 2017 the Tanana Tribal Council received DBAC services to conduct additional assessment on the property to determine the extent of the contamination.  This report delineated the lateral extent of the found “tar” layer.

Project Documents

Anchorage – Surf Laundry & Dry Cleaners

Requested by Cook Inlet Housing Authority
Project: Additional Site Characterization (Assessment)

Surf Laundry in Anchorage, Alaska
Surf Laundry building in Anchorage, Alaska. Photo courtesy of 2016 Hazardous Building Material Survey.

Historical records indicate the property was listed as a dry cleaner from as far back as the 1970s.  Previous historical use may have included a gas station, but this could not be definitively determined.  In 2008 a Phase II conducted on the site indicated that tetrachloroethene (PCE) was in soil above ADEC cleanup levels. Cook Inlet Housing Authority would like to redevelop this property along with seven other parcels into a mixed-use development including enhanced streetscape for bicyclists, pedestrians and motorists, additional retail and office space, and housing units in Mountain View.

In SFY 2017 , a DBAC service was awarded to Cook Inlet Housing Authority to conduct additional site characterization including a Hazardous Building Materials survey at the site.  The report indicates that the building contains asbestos containing materials, lead based paint, while tetracholorethene (PCE) was found in the soil above ADEC cleanup levels.  Cook Inlet Housing Authority is currently discussing the site with the owner.

Project Documents

Ruby – Ruby Former Head Start Building

Requested by ADNR
Project: Soil Removal and Remediation (Cleanup)

The Ruby Headstart School in Ruby, Alaska
Ruby Former Head Start Building in Ruby, Alaska. Photo courtesy of ADEC site file.

The property is thought to have been used as a school since 1963, and potentially as far back as 1917.  The current building was constructed in 1963 and was reportedly utilized as a headstart school by Tanana Chief’s Conference from 1981 to 2006. During a routine inspection, strong petroleum and chemical odors were noted along the base of the building. The community would like to reuse the property and building as a community gathering area for potlatchs, weddings, school functions or emergency housing.

In SFY 2016, Ruby and ADNR were awarded DBAC services to conduct a Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan which included a Hazardous Building Material Survey, soil characterization, and air sampling. The PACP identified multiple building materials that contained asbestos; petroleum contaminants above ADEC cleanup levels; and air sampling found fuel-related contaminants in the buildings air, but suggested that the contaminants were from an indoor source rather than from the contamination in the soil.  In SFY 2017, ADNR was awarded DBAC services to conduct a cleanup.  Soil was excavated including underneath an underground heating oil tank, and phytoremediation plots were set up in September 2017. The soil undergoing phytoremediation will require follow up sampling.

Project Documents

Chevak– Old BIA School

Requested by Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council
Project: Site Characterization and Hazardous Building Materials Survey (Assessment)

 Chevak Old BIA School in Chevak, Alaska
Old BIA School in Chevak, Alaska. Photo courtesy of 2017 Hazardous Building Materials Survey Report.

The building was constructed in 1973 to replace the old BIA school that burned down in 1972. It served as a dedicated school until 2003 when the school was closed.  The surrounding property includes several buildings such as a boiler house, and village safety house and two tank farms. The community would like to reuse the school as a community multipurpose center utilizing as much existing infrastructure as possible.  The school would house a number of programs including a tribal courthouse, language and cultural preservation center, a youth center, a suicide prevention center, and vocation and technical higher education center.  In renovating of the existing infrastructure, the community is committed to using renewable energy including solar panels and small-scale wind energy to power the buildings utilities.

In 2014, the Old Chevak school was included in a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment done through the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council.  The Phase I identified remaining ASTs, lead batteries, past releases of fuel on the property and a weathered transformer on site.  In 2015 received a site assessment to evaluated reuse of the school building through the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council.  Two soil samples collected found lead in the soil below ADEC cleanup levels.  In SFY 2017 the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council was awarded a DBAC service to conduct a Site Assessment including a Hazardous Building Material Survey on the school building and surround property.  The report indicates petroleum constituents was found in soil above ADEC cleanup levels, and the survey indicates that the building contained asbestos containing materials, lead containing materials, PCB containing materials, mercury containing materials and other potentially hazardous materials such as glycol, self-illuminating signs, refrigeration units, and other miscellaneous stored chemicals. 

Project Documents

Whittier – Buckner Building

Requested by the City of Whittier
Project: Site Characterization (Assessment)

 Buckner Building in Whittier, Alaska
Photo of the Buckner Building in Whittier, Alaska. Photo courtesy of ADEC site file.

The Buckner building was built to provide housing, recreation and medical services to 1,250 Army personnel in approximately 1950-1953.  The building served as essentially a city within a 273,660 sq feet structure including a shooting range, drycleaner, theater, bank, barber shop, commissary, post exchange, craft shop, snack bar, officer’s club, serviceman’s club, bowling alley, library, bakery, classrooms, radio & TV stations, office space, dental clinic and hospital until 1960.  The property then went into private ownership in the 1970s, suffered vandalism, and fell into disrepair.

In SFY 2015 the city of Whittier was awarded DBAC services to conduct a Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (PACP) including a Hazardous Building Material Survey.  The report indicates that hazardous building materials were likely present in large amounts including 29 possible asbestos containing materials, 9 possible lead containing materials, 5 possible PCB containing materials, miscellaneous hazardous materials such as mercury switches, brakes, hydraulic fluids, and other paints and sealants. Mold was also present in the structure.  In SFY 2016 the city of Whittier was awarded DBAC services to conduct a structural assessment for remedial design.  The assessment found that the overall condition of the building was poor: nearly all windows and doors are missing; the concrete had degraded, and spalling, cracking and corroded rebar was seen throughout; some exterior walls contained full length cracks; and where water had leached through the concrete, stalactites had formed in ceiling cracks. A tier 1 seismic evaluation was conducted as part of the assessment and found the building to be non-compliant. The report concluded one section of the building might be suitable to be retrofitted, but retrofitting costs would likely exceed the cost of a new construction, and it was unlikely any significant portion of the building can be rehabilitated for occupancy.  In SFY 2017 the city of Whittier was awarded DBAC services to conduct a Site Characterization.  The report found asbestos in the soil above EPA action levels, and lead and petroleum constituents in soil above ADEC cleanup levels, while groundwater contained several metals above ADEC cleanup levels.

Due to the size of the building, cost of abating of the hazardous building materials is estimated to be $9-$13 million, with costs to demolish the no longer structurally sound building bringing the total cost to $20-$25 million.

Project Documents

State Fiscal Year 2016 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups


Pitka’s Point – Pitka’s Point School

Requested by ADCCEED
Project: Structural Assessment, Hazardous Building Materials Survey and Site Characterization (Assessment)

 Pitka's Point School in Pitka's Point, Alaska
Pitka’s Point school site in Pitka’s Point, Alaska. Photo courtesy of ADEC site file.

The Pitka’s Point School is located on the corner of the Pitka’s point-St. Mary’s Access road and the Safewater Access road. The buildings constructed in 1980, with an addition in 1984 include the school complex, a generator building, and a warm storage facility.  The vocational education shop was constructed in 1960, while the teachers housing quarters are assumed to have been built between 1980 and 1984.

In SFY 2016 ADCCED was awarded a DBAC to conduct additional site characterization on the property including soil sampling, a structural integrity assessment and Hazardous Building Materials Assessment on the teacher’s housing units, and the school building.  The report indicates that all three buildings contain asbestos containing materials; lead based paint in the school building; fluorescent light fixtures with PCB-containing ballasts in one of the teacher housing units; along with other additional hazardous materials such as ozone depleting refrigerants, and likely glycol are present.  It was recommended that the teachers housing units be demolished due to the condition of the buildings (in disrepair with vast fungal growth), while the school building could be remediated.  Diesel contamination was located in soil above ADEC cleanup levels outside of the school tank farm.  The current lessee is currently remediating the soil contamination on site.

Project Documents

Ruby – Ruby Former Head Start Building

Requested by ADNR
Project: Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (Assessment)

 Excavating soil at the Ruby Former Head Start Building in Ruby, Alaska
Excavating soil at Ruby Former Head Start Building in Ruby, Alaska. Photo courtesy of ADEC site file.

The property being used for a school site dates back to 1963, and potentially as far back as 1917.  The current building was constructed in 1963 with it being reportedly utilized from 1981 to 2006 as a headstart school by Tanana Chief’s Conference. During a routine inspection, strong petroleum and chemical odors were noted along the base of the building.  The community would like to reuse the property and building as a community gathering area for potlatchs, weddings, school functions or emergency housing.

In SFY 2016, Ruby and ADNR were awarded DBAC services to conduct a Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan which included a Hazardous Building Material Survey, soil characterization, and air sampling. The PACP identified multiple building materials that contained asbestos; petroleum contaminants above ADEC cleanup levels; and air sampling found fuel-related contaminants in the buildings air, but suggested that the contaminants were from an indoor source rather than from the contamination in the soil. 

Project Documents

Whittier – Buckner Building

Requested by the City of Whittier
Project: Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (Assessment)

 Interior of Buckner Building in Whittier, Alaska
Photo of the Buckner Building in Whittier, Alaska. Photo courtesy of ADEC site file.

The Buckner building was built to provide housing, recreation and medical services to 1,250 Army personnel in approximately 1950-1953.  The building served as essentially a city within a 273,660 sq feet structure including a shooting range, drycleaner, theater, bank, barber shop, commissary, post exchange, craft shop, snack bar, officer’s club, serviceman’s club, bowling alley, library, bakery, classrooms, radio & TV stations, office space, dental clinic and hospital until 1960.  The property then went into private ownership in the 1970s, suffered vandalism, and fell into disrepair.

In SFY 2015 the city of Whittier was awarded DBAC services to conduct a Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (PACP) including a Hazardous Building Material Survey.  The report indicates that hazardous building materials were likely present in large amounts including 29 possible asbestos containing materials, 9 possible lead containing materials, 5 possible PCB containing materials, miscellaneous hazardous materials such as mercury switches, brakes, hydraulic fluids, and other paints and sealants. Mold was also present in the structure.  In SFY 2016 the city of Whittier was awarded DBAC services to conduct a structural assessment.  The assessment found that the overall condition of the building was poor: nearly all windows and doors are missing; the concrete had degraded, and spalling, cracking and corroded rebar was seen throughout; some exterior walls contained full length cracks; and where water had leached through the concrete, stalactites had formed in ceiling cracks. A tier 1 seismic evaluation was conducted as part of the assessment and found the building to be non-compliant. The report concluded one section of the building might be suitable to be retrofitted, but retrofitting costs would likely exceed the cost of a new construction, and it was unlikely any significant portion of the building can be rehabilitated for occupancy. 

Due to the size of the building, cost of abating of the hazardous building materials is estimated to be $9-$13.5 million, with costs to demolish the no longer structurally sound building would bring the total cost to $20-$25 million.

Project Documents

Arctic Village – Arctic Village Former Power Plant

Requested by the Native Village of Venetie
Project: Hazardous Building Materials Survey and Limited Site Assessment

Above ground tanks at the Arctic Village Power Plant in Arctic Village, Alaska
ASTs at the Arctic Village Former Power Plant in Arctic Village, Alaska. Photo courtesy of ADEC site file.

The building was constructed as a washeteria in 1976, and later served as an electrical power generation plant, maintenance shop and storage area.  In 1994, ADEC documented soil staining near the ASTs and fuel saturated soil beneath the building.  The community is seeking to revitalize the area as a community greenspace, elder/youth instruction area, and public gathering/potlach area due to its proximity to the Village store, youth center, church, and city council.

A phase I conducted in 2007 by the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council indicated previous fuel spills (4,000-5,000 gallons) were reported spilled inside the building and outside in the area surrounding three former 6,000 gallon aboveground storage tanks; approximately 20-25 cubic yards of diesel fuel soil and some debris were removed from the site in the past; and other potential hazards such as exposed insulation and electrical transformer were present.  The phase I recommended further assessment.  In SFY 2016 Arctic Village was awarded a DBAC to conduct a Hazardous Building Materials survey along with limited site assessment.  In SFY 2018 the community is seeking a hazardous building materials abatement with soil excavation and remediation.

Project Documents

Kake – Former Elementary School

Requested by the city of Kake
Project: Asbestos Monofill Permit

Former Kake Elementary School in Kake, Alaska
Former Kake Elementary School, Kake, Alaska. Photo courtesy of ADEC site file.

The school was used as an elementary school from 1951 to 1996 when a new school was constructed at a new location.  The building has since stood vacant and has become a health and safety hazard as the building deteriorated and began to collapse. Due to its age, the building likely contained Hazardous Building Materials.  The community would like to demolish the former elementary school, as it is currently collapsing, and build a new community center on the property.

In SFY 2015, the city of Kake was awarded a DBAC service to conduct a Site Assessment including a Hazardous Building Material Survey.  The report indicated that the building contains asbestos containing materials, lead containing materials, mercury containing fluorescent lamps, and HID lights. Other hazardous materials such as household chemicals, glycol and contaminated soil are assumed to be present in the building.  Soils stockpiled from a UST excavation also contained petroleum constituents above ADEC cleanup levels.  In SFY 2016, the city of Kake was awarded a DBAC service to assist the community with applying for an asbestos monofill permit.  Unfortunately, the community was denied subsurface rights for the monofill, and the project was halted.

The rough order magnitude estimate for abating all of the materials within the former elementary school totaled $2.6 million.  

Project Documents

Anchorage – Fairview Areawide Brownfield Assessment

Requested by Cook Inlet Housing Authority
Project: Soil Gas Survey (Assessment)

 Aerial map of Fairview area studied in Anchorage, Alaska
Aerial view of the study area outlined in red, with former or suspected dry cleaners marked in green in Anchorage, Alaska. Figure courtesy of 2016 Areawide Soil Gas Survey.

In SFY 2015 Cook Inlet Housing Authority was awarded DBAC services to conduct an areawide assessment to evaluate potential redevelopment.  The area of concern was a T-shaped area along the Seward and Glenn Highways in the Downtown and Fairview neighborhoods.  The report found 46 contaminated sites were listed in the study area, 28 of which were listed as cleanup complete, 10 as cleanup complete with institutional controls and 8 sites listed as active.  Many of the sites had petroleum hydrocarbon contamination soil or groundwater. Other contaminants included chlorinated solvents, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and metals (chromium, copper, cyanide, lead, and nickel). Some sites also had possible complete vapor intrusion pathways.

In SFY 2016 Cook Inlet Housing Authority was awarded DBAC services to conduct an areawide assessment to evaluate chlorinated solvent contamination within the study area.  Passive soil gas samplers were deployed at 25 locations, and two groundwater wells were sampled.  The report indicates that one location did have a carbon tetrachloride detection above ADEC screening levels, but was greater than 50 feet from a building, and was not likely to pose a risk, while groundwater samples did not have contaminants above ADEC cleanup levels.

Project Documents

State Fiscal Year 2015 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups


Tanana –Tanana Power Company

Requested by City of Tanana
Project: Corrective Action (Cleanup)

Landfarming in Tanana, Alaska
Landspread contaminated soil from the Tanana Power Company in Tanana, Alaska. Image courtesy of the 2015 Corrective Action Report.

The Tanana Power Company generated power at this location from 1966 to 1983 when the property was abandoned. The property consisted of a power plant, two 500 gallon day tanks and a livery on the North portion of the property. A 3 inch fuel pipe connected the day tanks on the property to a 75,000 gallon tank farm on the southern portion of the property.  The city plans to construct two buildings on this property: a multipurpose community services facility to replace the town hall and a housing facility.

In SFY 2014, the city of Tanana was awarded a DBAC to conduct a cleanup on the site including excavating and landfarming soils.  The report for this work indicates that approximately 2,300 CY of soil was excavated and transported to the landfarm, however some of the soil left in the excavation was determined to still have pollutant levels above ADEC cleanup levels.  In SFY 2015, the city of Tanana was awarded a DBAC to conduct further cleanup on the site.  The report for this work indicates that further excavation of approximately 500 CY of soil and landfarming was conducted.  Soil samples from the excavation indicate that similar to the work conducted in 2014, the soil left in the excavation still has pollutant levels that exceed ADEC cleanup levels.  The city of Tanana is currently managing the landfarm may reuse the landfarmed soil as cover at the Tanana Landfill following attenuation and with approval from ADEC.

Project Documents

Kake – Former Elemantary School

Requested by the city of Kake
Project: Hazardous Building Material Survey and Site Assessment (Assessment)

Old Grade School in Kake, Alaska
Former Kake Elementary School 1952, Kake, Alaska. Photo courtesy of 2015 Site Assessment Report.

The school was used as an elementary school from 1951 to 1996 when a new school was constructed at a new location.  The building has since stood vacant and has become a health and safety hazard as the building deteriorated and began to collapse. Due to its age, the building likely contained Hazardous Building Materials.  The community would like to demolish the former elementary school, as it is currently collapsing, and build a new community center on the property.

In SFY 2015, the city of Kake was awarded a DBAC service to conduct a Site Assessment including a Hazardous Building Material Survey.  The report indicated that the building contains asbestos containing materials, lead containing materials, mercury containing fluorescent lamps, and HID lights. Other hazardous materials such as household chemicals, glycol and contaminated soil are assumed to be present in the building.  Soils stockpiled from a UST excavation also contained petroleum constituents above ADEC cleanup levels.

The rough order magnitude estimate for abating all of the materials within the former elementary school totaled $2.6 million.  

Project Documents

Whittier – Buckner Building

Requested by the City of Whittier
Project: Structural Assessment (Assessment)

 Buckner Building in Whittier, Alaska
Photo of the Buckner Building in Whittier, Alaska. Photo courtesy of ADEC site file.

The Buckner building was built to provide housing, recreation and medical services to 1,250 Army personnel in approximately 1950-1953.  The building served as essentially a city within a 273,660 sq feet structure including a shooting range, drycleaner, theater, bank, barber shop, commissary, post exchange, craft shop, snack bar, officer’s club, serviceman’s club, bowling alley, library, bakery, classrooms, radio & TV stations, office space, dental clinic and hospital until 1960.  The property then went into private ownership in the 1970s, suffered vandalism, and fell into disrepair.

In SFY 2015 the city of Whittier was awarded DBAC services to conduct a Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (PACP) including a Hazardous Building Material Survey.  The report indicates that hazardous building materials were likely present in large amounts including 29 possible asbestos containing materials, 9 possible lead containing materials, 5 possible PCB containing materials, miscellaneous hazardous materials such as mercury switches, brakes, hydraulic fluids, and other paints and sealants. Mold was also present in the structure. 

Due to the size of the building, cost of abating of the hazardous building materials is estimated to be $9-$13.5 million.

Project Documents

Anchorage - 3224 Mountain View Drive

Requested by Municipality of Anchorage
Project: Site Characterization (Assessment)

 Drilling in Mountain View in Anchorage, Alaska
Advancing a boring at 3224 Mtn View Drive in Anchorage, Alaska. Image courtesy of 2015 Site Characterization Report.

The property was leased to a private entity from 1958-2003, during which time it was reportedly utilized to storage and repair of heavy equipment and electrical transformers.  Special Olympics Alaska owns the adjacent parcel and was interested in obtaining a long term lease of the property for their future use and expansion plans.

In SFY 2015, the Municipality of Anchorage was awarded a DBAC to conduct further site characterization.  Petroleum constituents, and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) were detected in soil above the most stringent ADEC Method 2 Cleanup levels.  PCBs were detected but not above ADEC cleanup levels. However PCBs have been historically detected in the soil above ADEC cleanup levels.  PAHs were detected in the groundwater but below ADEC cleanup levels, while other pollutants were not detected.  It should be noted however, that the water samples may not be representative due to the water level in the well.

Project Documents

Anchorage – Fairview Areawide Brownfield Assessment

Requested by Cook Inlet Housing Authority
Project: Phase I (Assessment)

 Aerial view of the Fairview area studied in Anchorage, Alaska
Aerial view of the study area outlined in red in Anchorage, Alaska. Figure courtesy of 2015 Areawide Assessment.

In SFY 2015 Cook Inlet Housing Authority was awarded DBAC services to conduct an areawide assessment to evaluate potential redevelopment.  The area of concern was a T-shaped area along the Seward and Glenn Highways in the Downtown and Fairview neighborhoods.  The report found 46 contaminated sites were listed in the study area, 28 of which were listed as cleanup complete, 10 as cleanup complete with institutional controls and 8 sites listed as active.  Many of the sites had petroleum hydrocarbon contamination soil or groundwater. Other contaminants included chlorinated solvents, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and metals (chromium, copper, cyanide, lead, and nickel). Some sites also had possible complete vapor intrusion pathways.

Project Documents

Pelican – Former Pelican Seafood Processing Facility

Requested by City of Pelican
Project: Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (Assessment)

 Former Pelican Seafood Processing Facility in Pelican, Alaska
Photo of the Pelican Seafood Processing Plant in Pelican, Alaska. Photo courtesy of ADEC site file.

The Pelican Seafood Processing Facility was constructed between 1938 and 1941 and operational by 1942.  It operated until approximately 2008, when it was reportedly abandoned.  In 2009 a significant disruption to the facilities water service occurred requiring the anhydrous ammonia that was used for the facilities refrigeration system to be consolidated into system receiver tanks. The community would like to revitalize the seafood processing plant so it can once again provide services and jobs to the community.

In FFY 2011, the city of Pelican was awarded a Targeted Brownfields Assessment (TBA) service to conduct a phase I Environmental Site Assessment on the site.  The Phase I identified several potential issues with the site including the stored anhydrous ammonia, PCB transformers, Aboveground Storage Tanks, facility discharge pipes, peeling paints, potential asbestos containing materials, stored drums, and various other wastes.  In SFY 2015 the city of Pelican was awarded a DBAC to draft an Environmental Management Plan including a Potentially Hazardous Materials inventory, a Hazardous Building Materials Survey of the crab plant building, soil assessment and remediation strategy plans, as well as rough order magnitude cost estimates for the proposed plans.  The Hazardous Building Materials Survey report indicated that the crab plant contains asbestos containing materials, lead containing materials, possible PCB containing materials, mercury containing materials, and other potentially hazardous materials such as refrigerants, smoke alarms with radioactive components, and industrial and household chemicals. 

Project Documents

Cordova – Copper River Highway Mile 13-14 Areas of Concern

Requested by Eyak Corporation & Native Village of Eyak
Project: Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (Assessment)

 Aerial view of areas studied in Cordova, Alaska
Aerial view of the mile 13-14 site outlined in red, Cordova, Alaska. Image courtesy of 2015 PACP report.

Mile 13- 14, extending to mile 17-18 of the Copper River Highway contained areas with illegal dump sites, including drums. There is concern that the areas could be contaminated with lead, or petroleum or perhaps even dumped building materials that contain hazardous building materials.  The community would like to restore the area to subsistence use.

In SFY 2015, the Eyak Corporation and Native Village of Eyak were awarded DBAC services to conduct a Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (PACP).  The report indicates two contaminated sites are located within the property boundary: Cabin Lake Shop (ADEC Hazard ID: 2085) in Cleanup Complete with Institutional Controls status and Eyak NALEMP Mile 14 Naval Radio Station (ADEC Hazard ID 25271) in Active status and could potentially be contamination source areas. While areas of staining were noted in one area, and there were multiple areas with solid waste present.  Recommendations included removing the dumped materials to the landfill, and collecting characterization samples to determine if contamination is present. 

Project Documents

Tanana – Tanana Community Hall

Requested by the Tanana Tribal Council
Project: Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (Assessment)

Tar layer found at Tanana Community Hall in Tanana, Alaska
Tar layer found at Tanana Community Hall in Tanana, Alaska. Photo courtesy of 2015 PACP report.

The property was historically used by the federal Alaska Railroad from the 1950s and conveyed to the Native Corporations, Tozitna Limited and Doyon via the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) in the 1985.  Historical use suggest the property was used as a wood stave tank farm to store Bunker C (No. 6) fuel oil.  In 2013 ADEC was notified that contaminated soil was encountered while a ditch was being dug along the roadway.  The current community hall was built in the 1960s and has inefficient utilities.  The community would like to use the area where the contamination is, to build a new community hall with “green technology” and improve the adjacent parking lot.  The plans for the property also include a picnic area and cooking area.

In SFY 2015, Tanana Tribal Council was granted DBAC services to conduct a Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (PACP).  Petroleum constituents were found in the surface soil above ADEC cleanup levels, and reported a distinct “tar” layer in the soil. 

Project Documents

State Fiscal Year 2014 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups


Kake– Keku Cannery

Requested by the Organized Village of Kake
Project: Phase I and Environmental Evaluation

Keku Cannery in Kake, Alaska
Keku Cannery in Kake, Alaska. Photo courtesy of ADEC site file.

The Keku cannery operated as a fish processing and packaging plant from the early 1900's until 1977 when the plant was closed. The buildings and docks then fell into disrepair with two large warehouses collapsing into the bay. Parts of machinery, equipment and vehicles were left inside the main cannery building. The cannery was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1997 due to its cultural significance as the cannery was built in 1912 on the site of a traditional Tlingit fishing camp.

Once the main building of the Keku Cannery is renovated, the Organized Village of Kake or OVK plans to incorporate community operations within the facility including the Tribal Transportation Office, historical museum, cultural center, restaurant and an area where entrepreneurs could sell their products. OVK has spent over $2 million in order to stabilize the main cannery building in its preservation and rehabilitation efforts.

In SFY 2014, the Organized Village of Kake received DBAC services to conduct a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment.  The Phase I indicated that the buildings were likely to contain Hazardous Building Materials, while soil staining, drums, vehicles and other potentially hazardous items were noted.

Project Documents

Anchorage – Spenard Road Revitalization Areawide Assessment

Requested by Cook Inlet Housing Authority
Project: Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (Assessment)

Aerial view of the area studied in the Spenard neighborhood in Anchorage, Alaska
Aerial view of the Spenard Revitalization Areawide outlined in red, Anchorage, Alaska. Image courtesy of the 2014 Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan.

In SFY 2014, the Cook Inlet Housing Authority was awarded DBAC services to assess the Spenard neighborhood in the vicinity of 36th and Spenard.  It included an area bounded by Minnesota to the west, Benson to the North, Arctic to the east and Tudor to the south.  The report indicated several concerns including Underground Storage Tanks (USTs), aboveground Storage Tanks (ASTs), buildings with asbestos containing material, several ADEC listed contaminated sites, and previous land uses associated with contamination such as dry cleaning facilities, gas stations, maintenance shops, and vehicle storage and salvage yards. 

Project Documents


Tanana –Tanana Power Company

Requested by City of Tanana
Project: Corrective Action (Cleanup)

Excavation at the Tanana Power Company site in Tanana, Alaska
Photo of excavation from Tanana Power Company site in Tanana, Alaska. Image courtesy of the 2014 Corrective Action Report.

The Tanana Power Company generated power at this location from 1966 to 1983 when the property was abandoned. The property consisted of a power plant, two 500 gallon day tanks and a livery on the North portion of the property. A 3 inch fuel pipe connected the day tanks on the property to a 75,000 gallon tank farm on the southern portion of the property.  The city plans to construct two buildings on this property: a multipurpose community services facility to replace the town hall and a housing facility.

In SFY 2014, the city of Tanana was awarded a DBAC to conduct a cleanup on the site including excavating and landfarming soils.  The report for this work indicates that approximately 2,300 CY of soil was excavated and transported to the landfarm, however some of the soil left in the excavation was determined to still have pollutant levels above ADEC cleanup levels. 

Project Documents

Kwigillingok Moravian Church

Requested by Native Village of Kwigillingok
Project: Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (Assessment)

Kwigillingok Moravian Church in Kwigillingok, Alaska
Photo of the Old Moravian Church in Kwigillingok, Alaska. Image courtesy of the 2014 Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan Report.

The old Moravian church was built in 1966 and used as a gathering space for community meetings and other events such as Christmas events, Easter, or Thanksgiving events.  The community wanted to reuse the old church to develop a recreation or summer youth activity center if it was deemed safe, and if not, proposed using the facility for storage.

In SFY 2014 the Native Village of Kwigillingok was awarded DBAC services to conduct a Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan including a Hazardous Building Material Survey.  The report indicates that the building does include asbestos containing materials, but could be used in its current state as the materials are non-friable and not currently damaged. However, if the church is to be demolished or remodeled, Alaska-certified asbestos workers will be required to conduct the work, and the wastes must be disposed of properly.  A green bookshelf located within the building was the only item to contain lead based paint, and was recommended to be disposed of appropriately.  It was noted that older thermostats or electrical switches that may contain mercury were found within the building, however, no PCBs or other evidence of

Project Documents

State Fiscal Year 2013 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups



Anchorage – Alpina Site (also known as the Tesoro – Olson Gas Services Store #1)

Requested by the Cook Inlet Housing Authority

Aerial view of the Alpina Site outlined in red, Anchorage, Alaska. Image reproduced by Google Earth TM Mapping Service.

This site is being acquired by the Cook Inlet Housing Authority (CIHA) to add to their neighborhood revitalization efforts in the economically disadvantaged and heavily blighted Spenard Road corridor in Anchorage. CIHA applied to DEC for assistance in clarifying site conditions before the pending property transfer. The general area-wide plan for the neighborhood is to replace the light-industrial property uses with new retail businesses, housing, and public use spaces. The owner of the property, while possibly considered a financially viable responsible party by the State, has not been diligent in responding to recent requests from DEC to comply with regulatory requirements for site characterization, cleanup, and regular monitoring. The property has several liens on it that will prevent the owner from receiving a windfall in the final sale. The CIHA has resources to obtain funding for the necessary remediation and redevelopment of the property.

The R&R Program’s scope of services for this site has included a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA), to fulfill CIHA’s due diligence, all appropriate inquiry requirements. The Phase I ESA also is required by CIHA’s partner funding agencies. In addition to the Phase I ESA, the R&R Program assisted CIHA with an evaluation of the steps needed to bring the site into regulatory compliance and the remedial actions necessary to proceed with the intended redevelopment. Pursuant to those two activities, the R&R Program completed limited plume delineation offsite, sampled existing wells on the property, and conducted additional soil and soil-gas sampling. The R&R Program assisted CIHA in obtaining an EPA Targeted Brownfield Assessment to further clarify cleanup requirements in 2013.

Boring and monitoring well installation on the site (2013).

Project Documents

Buckland – Summit Prototype Homesite

Requested by Cold Climate Housing Research Center

Standing on the Summit Prototype Homesite, Buckland, looking northwest toward the new and former bulk fuel-storage tank farms, July 2012. Photo courtesy Shannon & Wilson, Inc.

The Cold Climate Housing Research Center (CCHRC) applied for an assessment of the Summit Prototype Homesite in Buckland, Alaska in 2012. Housing is in seriously short supply in Buckland, and this project is critical to the community’s development objectives. The CCHRC project is funded in part by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Due to reported petroleum releases at an adjacent tank farm, HUD asked that environmental conditions be clarified before releasing the funding to allow the construction materials to be shipped to the site. The timeline was tight because of the need to complete the project during the summer construction season, and construction materials were already staged for delivery to the village.

CCHRC asked the DEC R&R Program to evaluate the site for environmental conditions that would preclude its suitability for construction of a new residential development. The new single-family home planned for the site is a prototype for rural Alaska energy-efficient and sustainable housing design. This request ranked highest in the pool of brownfield assessment requests in 2012 because of the partnerships, plans, and funding already in place, the innovative design of the construction, and the environmental concerns impeding progress on the new development. The R&R Program was able to get a contract in place in only a few short weeks, after which the site evaluation project was completed in only 14 days, including a site visit, interviews and final reporting. Upon completion, the materials were cleared for delivery to the community enabling the project to continue.

Prototype Home completed in Buckland. Photo courtesy of CCHRC, 2013.

 

The R&R Program scope of work included coordination of stakeholders, a site visit, and document review, with the final product being a letter report providing a statement about how environmental impacts affect the use of the property as intended. The result of this work ended up being the assurance HUD needed to allow the funding to be released for the project, making the site available for its intended purpose. Construction was completed in 2013.

 

Kobuk – Abandoned Tank Farm (Continuation Project)

Originally requested by the City of Kobuk

Overgrown stockpile located offsite and against Kobuk dump fencing (2012).

In State Fiscal Year 2012 we completed follow-up assessment to the work requested by the City of Kobuk in 2007 (see State Fiscal Year 2008 Projects). This work consisted of sampling the stockpile that was generated by the excavation and removal of soil from the former backup generator site. Previous sampling results collected in 2008 indicated that contaminant levels in the soil exceeded cleanup criteria. Consequently, results from this sampling event yielded similar results. DRO concentrations in the stockpile remain greater than the most conservative cleanup levels for migration to groundwater; however, the detected concentrations were less than the DEC cleanup levels for direct contact and inhalation. It is possible that the soil may be used as landfill cover material in a dump or landfill, which presumably prevents potential impact from soil to groundwater. If this material is determined to not be suitable for reuse in the landfill, it is recommended that soil amendments (fertilizers) and/or tilling of the soil be completed to reduce the DRO concentrations. DEC will follow up with the City of Kobuk to determine the next course of action to treat the soil and develop disposal alternatives. It is our understanding that the backup generator was successfully purchased and installed at the designated location.

New backup generator facility constructed on old tank farm site.

Project Documents
 

Kwethluk – Cleanup at Former Joseph Guy Community Center (Continuation Project)

Requested by the Organized Village of Kwethluk and the City of Kwethluk

Targeted soil removal and storage in super-sacks.

This first brownfield cleanup project under the State & Tribal Response Program grant was completed this year. The Former Joseph Guy Community Center was destroyed during a fire in April 2006. The site is located in Kwethluk, a rural Alaskan village located approximately 12 miles east of Bethel. The Organized Village of Kwethluk applied for and received a Targeted Brownfield Assessment (TBA) for the burn site. The TBA was completed in 2009/2010, focusing on the 5,000 square-foot footprint beneath the building. Previous work included the demolition and removal of the burned structure, targeted soil removal, and additional sampling across the footprint. Results from last year identified elevated metals concentrations along the southern portion of the footprint. Work this year involved refined sampling and removal of soil from the property. For more information on earlier project work at this site, see State Fiscal Year 2012 Projects.

Staged soil pending confirmation sampling and ultimate disposal.

Project Documents
 

State Fiscal Year 2012 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups

Note: FY2012 was the first year in which we used our State & Tribal Response Program funding to support cleanup activities at qualifying brownfield sites. We solicited projects that had had some form of prior assessment, provided either by us or by EPA, and for which strong reuse plans were in place. The main projects we worked on were the cleanup at the Former Joseph Guy Community Center in Kwethluk, and developing supporting documents for cleanup at the Former IRA Fuel Project Tank Farm in Selawik. We also conducted some follow-up stockpile sampling to our FY2008 work at the former fuel storage tank farm in Kobuk.

Kobuk – Abandoned Tank Farm (Continuation Project)

Originally requested by the City of Kobuk

Overgrown stockpile located offsite and against Kobuk dump fencing (2012).

In State Fiscal Year 2012 we initiated follow-up assessment to the work requested by the City of Kobuk in 2007 (see State Fiscal Year 2008 Projects). However, the scope of work completed by the R&R Program in FY2012 consisted only of development of a work plan for stockpile sampling and management. The actual sampling was postponed to the subsequent fiscal year.

The abandoned tank farm was the site of a 2007 ADEC Brownfield Assessment where approximately 270 cubic yards of diesel contaminated soil was excavated from the abandoned tank farm site and transported to the stockpile location near the Kobuk Landfill. A Shannon & Wilson field representative traveled to Kobuk in August 2012 to conduct stockpile sampling and visual site assessment of the Backup Generator Site. Diesel range petroleum concentrations in the stockpile at the community landfill remain greater than the ADEC cleanup levels for migration to groundwater; however, all concentrations are less than the ADEC cleanup levels for direct contact and inhalation. An assessment is underway to determine if the material is suitable for reuse in the landfill. If not, further application of soil amendments (fertilizers) and/or tilling the soil to reduce the DRO concentrations will be recommended.

Project Documents

Kwethluk – Former Joseph Guy Community Center (First Phase)

Requested by the Organized Village of Kwethluk and the City of Kwethluk

Former Joseph Guy Community Center prior to cleanup activities.

This first brownfield cleanup project under the State & Tribal Response Program grant was completed initiated in 2012. The site is located in Kwethluk, a rural Alaskan village located approximately 12 miles east of Bethel. The Former Joseph Guy Community Center was destroyed during a fire in April 2006. The Organized Village of Kwethluk applied for and received a Targeted Brownfield Assessment (TBA) for the burn site. The TBA was completed in 2009/2010, focusing on the 5,000 square-foot footprint beneath the building. The TBA identified three locations requiring corrective action, and developed a brief analysis of cleanup options that focused on building removal and disposal, followed with targeted source area removal.

Work this year involved the contracted removal of the structure, and the disposal of the building and debris in the Bethel landfill. Steel that was of recyclable quality was staged for future sale. Pursuant to the building removal in the Spring of 2012, the community was flooded, including the site.

Loading building debris onto truck for transport down ice road.

Project Documents

Kwethluk flooding receding in 2012 prior to source area cleanup. Circle identifies site location.

Building demolition and removal was the first step in order to make the contaminated material accessible.

 

Selawik – Former IRA Fuel Project Tank Farm

Requested by Native Village of Selawik

Looking north across the former IRA former tank farm area in 2010.

The fuel tank farm formerly located at this site was reportedly in use between 1972 and 1996 and consisted of a fuel dispenser and 7 vertical above ground storage tanks with a total capacity of approximately 100,000 gallons of diesel/heating oil and 20,000 gallons of gasoline. A Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (PACP) investigation conducted by our R&R Program in 2010, found gasoline range organics (GRO), diesel range organics (DRO), benzene, and other fuel hydrocarbons at concentrations that exceed DEC inhalation, ingestion, and direct contact cleanup levels. The work that was completed in 2012 focused on an Analyses of Brownfield Cleanup Alternatives (ABCA) for the site. The community worked closely with our Anchorage office staff in determining how best to make the land reusable.

Project Documents

State Fiscal Year 2011 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups

Larsen Bay – Larsen Bay Old School

Requested by the Larsen Bay Tribal Council

Aerial photograph of the Larsen Bay Old School, shown in center of photo; the new school is shown at bottom.

The Larsen Bay Tribal Council submitted a request for an assessment of the former Larsen Bay Elementary School. The community plans to reuse this property for community gardens or a recycling center. The site is located next to the current school. The old school was constructed in the 1940s, with a footprint estimated at 1,640 square feet. The facility is a wood-framed structure, part sheathed and roofed with metal panels and a smaller area sheathed with wood and roofed with asphalt roofing. Heat was provided by an oil-fired furnace supplying warm air through an under floor duct system and by an oil-fired space heater. Electrical service to the facility was provided by an on-site diesel generator. According to a 1981 report by the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities, a 2,000-gallon underground storage tank (UST) was also located on site.

The Kodiak Island Borough owned the building and parcel until 1987. A new school was built directly adjacent to the property in 1980. The property ownership transferred to the City of Larsen Bay in 1988. The building now stands vacant and is boarded up. The parcel is fenced but it is easily accessible and there are no institutional controls in place.

Larsen Bay Old School, looking southeast, with new school in the background

The Larsen Bay Tribal Council asked that the site be assessed for potential sources of contaminants, including petroleum and chemical contaminants, asbestos, and lead-based paint contamination. Our scope of work included development of a Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan and a hazardous building materials survey, in order to help support and facilitate the desired reuse of the site.

According to the project report, several recognized environmental conditions that could affect the future reuse of the site were identified: asbestos-containing materials and lead-based paint in the school; PCB-containing light-fixture ballasts; soil contaminated with diesel fuel in the southeastern area of the site; 55-gallon drums with unknown contents; a UST in the ground between the old school and the active Larsen Bay School; a septic system may remain in the subsurface west of the building; and two tanks on the adjacent property occupied by the active Larsen Bay School.

Selawik – Area-Wide Site Evaluation

Requested by the Native Village of Selawik

Aerial photograph of Selawik, showing sites planned for assessment, Selawik, Alaska.

This request was for assessment of several properties in Selawik: The Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) Fuel Project Former Tank Farm, the Old Alaska Village Electrical Cooperative (AVEC) Tank Farm, and the Barge Landing. An additional site in Selawik already on DEC’s contaminated sites database is the Former School Tank Farm Gravel Pad. DEC determined tht the best approach for this community would be an area-wide survey of environmental conditions at the sites of concern, with limited sampling at selected sites.

The community would like to redevelop the former IRA fuel project’s tank farm property into a new store. The old AVEC site is planned for possible community housing and a recreational area for children. Space for additional storage for incoming and outgoing barge shipments is planned for the barge landing; barge landing improvements by the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities are slated for 2013.

Site 1: IRA Fuel Project Former Tank Farm

The IRA Fuel Project Former Tank Farm is located in the northeast part of the village, on an island of the Selawik River. This property contained the very first tank farm in Selawik and is proposed as the site for a new store to service the community. The property consists of vacant land and part of the former tank farm (approximately two acres). Adjacent land consists of the Selawik River immediately to the east and residential houses and community buildings to the south, west, and north. Some individual residents may get their drinking water from the Selawik River, and the river is an important subsistence resource; however, the Village derives its drinking water from Selawik Lake and a water treatment facility.

Petroleum storage tanks were on this location from 1972 to 1996. The tanks were positioned on the ground with no spill containment or support structures. Fuel releases were reportedly common during fuel transfers, and leaks were also likely because of rusting of tank bottoms from constant contact with the ground.

Store construction was initiated with the installation of special, refrigerated support piles on the site. No other soil excavation has taken place. The new store construction was halted because of the threat of finding petroleum contaminated soils and groundwater from previous releases at the former tank farm.

Site 2: Old AVEC Tank Farm

The Old AVEC Tank Farm is located at the northern end of the Village along the west shore of the Selawik River and near the Village office. The site is also located on the east side of the village school and close to residences. The property consists of approximately 4.4 acres of partially vacant land associated with the former AVEC tank farm and contains homes and several Connex containers, abandoned tanks from the old tank farm, and a generator building.

Historically, this site was used by AVEC for fuel tank storage and electrical generation. No data are available to determine when fuel storage at the site began, but the tanks were decommissioned sometime around 2000 and most of the tanks were moved to the barge landing.

Impacts in this area are likely from petroleum products and possibly polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from the electrical components at the generator shed. The generator still remains at this location.

Old tanks remaining at the former AVEC site in Selawik, September 2010.

Site 3: Barge Landing

The barge landing is located along the south side of the Selawik River northwest of the Village. The site consists of approximately 4.5 acres and contains various abandoned equipment and old tanks scattered on the site. The tank inventory includes one petroleum fuel tank owned by the Northwest Indian Housing Authority, several abandoned AVEC fuel tanks, and several fuel tanks relocated from the school tank farm.

It was also noted during a site visit by the recycling and backhaul staff from Maniilaq Association that a marine header is present at the barge landing. The header and a fuel transfer pipeline may be potential source areas. This site has always been used as a barge landing. Although the primary concern by the community pertains to the abandoned fuel tanks left scattered on the property, and the potential spillage or leaks of residual fuel from the tanks, it is equally likely that the transfer of fuel associated with the marine header and pipeline are more significant sources of contamination. The property is important to the village because it is the primary source of shipments in and out of Selawik. No prior environmental assessments are known to have occurred for this site.

Site 4: Former School Tank Farm Gravel Pad

In 1997, the Northwest Arctic Borough School District (NWABSD) constructed a new school addition for grades kindergarten through 12. The effort included the relocation of the school’s fuel tank farm. The former school tank farm gravel pad is located below the northwest corner of the school.

During relocation activities, the contractor encountered stained soils in the gravel pad. Seven soil samples were collected from 18 inches to 32 inches below grade. Contaminant levels detected were up to 8,050 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) diesel range organics (DRO) and 60 micrograms per kilogram (µg/kg) benzene.

In 1998, the NWABSD proposed the installation of an impervious cap to prevent exposure to the contaminants. It was then reported to DEC that the cap was never installed and the former tank farm location appears to be within the northwest footprint of the school.

The focus for investigating the former school tank farm gravel pad site entails reviewing all the historical information and determining whether closure of the site is appropriate, or whether additional investigation is required.

The historical use of a storage pad located southwest of the school is unknown. This area could have been used to store tanks or equipment in the past.

This area-wide assessment project involved the development of a PACP, with limited sampling used to clarify suspected conditions or delineate the extent of contamination. The field sampling focused primarily on the IRA Fuel Project Former Tank Farm where the new store is proposed; however, sampling also was conducted at the old AVEC sites, because of conditions found during the site visit.

For details on the project results, please download the final PACP report, located below the database links.

This area-wide project does not have its own database record, but links to the records for the individual sites, including subsequent activities and current status, are below:

Thorne Bay – Thorne Bay Old Fire Hall

Requested by the City of Thorne Bay

Old power plant, Tuluksak

Old Thorne Bay Fire Hall, Thorne Bay, Alaska.

The City of Thorne Bay requested an assessment of the Thorne Bay Old Fire Hall, which is now abandoned in a central area of town. The old fire hall is contaminated with cement asbestos siding, and an asbestos evaluation report has already been completed. The City of Thorne Bay is seeking other funds for asbestos abatement and building demolition. Their request is for a Property Assessment and Cleanup Plan (PACP) with a site visit to evaluate potential contamination from past fuel handling and vehicle maintenance operations, and to lay out options for cleanup and reuse. The City is interested in reusing this site for an expansion of the neighboring Pearl Nelson Community Park and construction of a covered gazebo or band shell for public use and community events.

Thorne Bay is 47 air miles northwest of Ketchikan on the east coast of Prince of Wales Island. On the island road system, it lies 60 miles from Hollis and 36 miles east of the Klawock Junction.

Thorne Bay was historically the largest logging camp in North America. When the Ketchikan Pulp Company ceased major operations in Thorne Bay in the late 1990s, the community saw an immediate 30-percent loss of employment and residency. Over the past four years, the City has developed a comprehensive strategy to improve utility infrastructure. The planned upgrades include water, sewer, and solid waste, in order to improve public health and enhance the municipal harbor operations to support expanded recreational, subsistence, and commercial fishing operations to increase the population base of Thorne Bay.

The Thorne Bay Old Fire Hall was constructed in the 1970s for the Thorne Bay volunteer firefighting squad. The City constructed its newer “Roth Building” in 1991 to house both the Emergency Medical Service and firefighting operations and decommissioned the use of the old fire hall as a municipal building. Currently, City staff utilizes the building to store sand for winter road maintenance activities. The location of the building is poor for this function because it is located at a 5-way intersection and it has been identified as a public safety problem because of its exposure to traffic. The City is seeking funding to construct a proper sand storage building adjacent to Thorne Bay’s existing municipal operations building.

Previous investigations have determined that the Thorne Bay Old Fire Hall contains asbestos siding on the exterior of the building. Other environmental hazards could include soil contamination from the previous storage and maintenance of vehicles and equipment. Our scope of work was to develop a PACP to summarize existing environmental conditions and options for making the site ready for its intended reuse. The PACP also incorporated the elements of a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment to support future funding applications.

According to the final PACP report, the following potential source areas were identified: exterior cement siding and paint containing asbestos; potential fuel-contaminated soil around the location of the former aboveground fuel storage tank on the southwest side of the building; past vehicle maintenance poses the potential for petroleum hydrocarbon and chlorinated solvent contamination; and, because of the age of the building, the paint may contain lead.

State Fiscal Year 2010 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups

Tazlina Copper Valley School

Requested by the Native Village of Tazlina

Copper Valley School

Inside condition of one of the former school's remaining outbuildings.

The Catholic Church operated a mission boarding school in Tazlina for 15 years from 1956 until 1971. Alumni of the former Copper Valley School continue to hold annual gatherings in memory of their years at the school, which turned out many leaders in the Alaska Native community. In 1976, a fire destroyed the main buildings, and over the years the remaining outbuildings have deteriorated. Private housing has developed around the former school, which has become a common play area for the children who live in the area.

Potential contaminants of concern include asbestos used in the buildings for pipe insulation; pallets of bags of unknown powdery substances; underground fuel storage tanks; piles of unused cans of lead-based paint; and buried dumps containing lead-acid batteries and other refuse, with at least one dump eroding into the river.

Although this property is owned by the Catholic Church, Diocese of Anchorage, the Native Village of Tazlina, in conjunction with the Copper Valley School Alumni Association, would like to reuse this property for educational opportunities for the future Native leaders of Alaska. The community, which sees this site as a positive part of local history, would like to see the property used for outdoor education, and environmental and subsistence activities for the general public.

Our work in Tazlina includes development of a property assessment and cleanup plan, to inform decisions on remedial and restorative actions that could be taken to make the site ready for the desired reuse.


Beaver – Generator Building Fire

Requested by the Beaver Tribe

Site of former Beaver generator

Site of former Beaver generator building after the fire.

The Beaver Tribe’s former generator building caught fire and burned down in July 2007. At least one fuel tank (day tank) was associated with the generator building. Across the street is the village tank farm, owned by Beaver Joint Utilities (BJU). The tank farm and the generator building were constructed in the early 1990s and were originally operated by the Beaver Tribe. Fuel was also sold to community members and was dispensed to containers from the generator tank(s).

As part of a tank farm reconnaissance in Beaver conducted by a DEC term contractor in 2002, environmental soil samples were collected at the tank farm, but not at the generator building. Visual inspection around the generator building noted large amounts of stained soil, both where residents pumped fuel and where piping from the tank farm connected to the generator day tank. The 2002 report provided estimates of soil removal volumes at the BJU tank farm, and further suggested that excavation of soil at the generator building might not be practical because of the presence of the structure. However, with the building no longer in place, an updated assessment would help to determine best remedial approaches for this area.

DEC’s work in Beaver was planned to combine assessment of the burned-down generator building with a state-funded assessment of the former BIA school in Beaver. This “bundled” project has the active participation of partners from the Village of Beaver, the Yukon Flats School District, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Cooperative Extension Service, and DEC.

Afognak – Raspberry Straight Dumpsite

Requested by the Native Village of Afognak

* Raspberry Strait Dumpsite, updated assessment and cleanup plan.

The Raspberry Strait Dumpsite is located on the southernmost tip of Afognak Island bordering Raspberry Strait, approximately 50 feet south of an unimproved trail connecting Back Bay with the Russian settlement of Aleneva. Two timber operations used the site from 1944-1976. However, a site assessment done in 2005 showed no evidence that the timber operations contributed to the dumping. The earliest evidence of the dump on aerial photos was in 2000.

The 2005 site assessment indicated evidence of batteries and petroleum-associated materials such as absorbent pads, used oil filters, and engine parts. The landowner for the site is the Afognak Native Corporation. The community is concerned about the dump because of its proximity to a stream and wetlands. The dump also poses a potential risk to visitors of a tribal shareholders’ lodge nearby.

The Native Village of Afognak would like to return the land to its natural state to protect tribal traditional subsistence use areas and visitors to the area. In addition to the prior assessments, the community has removed some of the debris from the area. They have also engaged with DEC’s Solid Waste Program staff to try to determine the best approaches to safe handling of remaining hazardous substances and materials and compliance with new landfill permitting options for materials that could be managed locally.

DEC’s scope of work is to update the existing assessment and develop planning documents, to help determine whether the site could qualify for federal brownfield cleanup assistance. As a Native corporation, the owner of the site is eligible for an EPA competitive cleanup grant.

Tuluksak – Old Power Plant

Requested by the Tuluksak Native Council

Old power plant, Tuluksak

Old power plant in Tuluksak

The Tuluksak old power plant was built in the early 1980s and is owned by the Tuluksak Native Community. Photographs of the site indicate potential petroleum contamination related to an aboveground fuel storage tank and the power plant itself. The Tuluksak Native Community Council and the Association of Village Council Presidents Regional Housing Authority have been building new houses in the new Tuluksak River Subdivision, but further development has been delayed because of the fire hazard and health risks associated with the contamination at the old power plant. The last house was built in 2003 and community members are in need of additional housing.

The community plans to build 28 additional homes in the subdivision once the contamination is cleaned up from the old power plant. As no prior site assessment has been done at this property, DEC is planning to conduct a site characterization on behalf of the community. For cost savings, this project is planned to coincide with a state-funded assessment project at an old school site in Tuluksak.

Elim – Old Alaska Village Electric Cooperative (AVEC) Tank Farm

Requested by theNative Village of Elim

AVEC tank farm, Elim

Old AVEC tank farm in Elim

The Native Village of Elim requested assessment of the Old AVEC Tank Farm in Elim. AVEC upgraded to a new tank farm several years ago but no assessment or cleanup has taken place at the former tank farm. In 1970 the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) issued a site use permit to AVEC for use as a power generation facility to provide electricity to Elim. In its site use permit the BIA stipulated that the site be left in a clean and sanitary condition upon the termination of the permit, which expired in 2005.

The tanks remain on the site within a fenced area. The executive summary of a 2001 state-funded tank farm reconnaissance report for Elim recommended no further site investigation until the site was decommissioned and additional sampling beneath the tanks upon their removal to identify any localized contamination.

The community wants to use the property for residential or commercial development, but has no clear plan in place. Our proposed work in Elim would entail the development of a property assessment and cleanup plan, in coordination with AVEC.

Akiak – Old City Power Plant and Tank Farm

Requested by the Akiak Native Community - Middle Kuskokwim Consortium

The former generator building for Akiak was built in the late 1970s. The owner of the property is the City of Akiak. Contamination exists at the site from accidental spills, and the suspected contamination at the site is waste oil, glycol, and battery acid. The old power plant in Akiak is located several hundred feet from the old city tank farm, which is no longer in use. The community is concerned that contaminants from the site may be seeping into the groundwater. The DBA request indicated that the community would like to restore this area for greenspace.

Our work at this site entails development of a property assessment and cleanup plan, to inform decisions on remedial actions that may be required to support future site reuse.

State Fiscal Year 2009 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups

McGrath – Tribal Council Hall

Requested by the McGrath Native Village Council

Old Power Plant in Koyukuk

Tank from former Chamai Center, McGrath

On Christmas Eve, 2006, a fire destroyed the McGrath Native Village Council’s (MNVC) tribal hall. During clean-up work after the fire, workers discovered a fuel-oil release in the subsurface. They worked with staff from DEC’s Preparedness Prevention and Response Program to complete limited site screening and then requested further assessment to help make the site ready for construction of a new tribal hall. They have secured funds from the Interior Regional Housing Authority for the new hall's conceptual plan and are applying for an Indian Community Development Block Grant for the construction of the new building. The new construction is intended to incorporate green building practices.

The new tribal hall will serve as a community gathering place for the MNVC Tribal members, for meetings and cultural activities. The new building will also hold more space for offices, for both tribal administrators and for other community organizations. The new space will save the MNVC money they have been spending on rent and will allow the creation of new jobs, with the positions to be housed in the new offices.

The scope of this DEC Brownfield Assessment included tank removal and limited soil excavation, and confirmation sampling. The project will also provide additional leveraging for complementary funding assistance for design and construction of the new facility.

Koyukuk – Old Power Plant

Requested by the Koyukuk Tribal Council

Old Power Plant in Koyukuk

Old Power Plant in Koyukuk

The old power plant (generator building) in Koyukuk is abandoned and occupying valuable space in the village. In January and March of 2002, two separate overfills of the generator day tank occurred when the automatic shut-off malfunctioned. During the first spill, diesel fuel spurted out the vent pipe in the roof of the building, saturating the walls and the ground under the structure. The volume of fuel spilled was estimated to be approximately 500 gallons each time.

The location is a concern because it is across the street from the school, washeteria, and primary water source for the village. This also makes the property a potential candidate for a new clinic, because it needs to be close to the water supply.

Our work entailed development of an environmental management plan for the property, to determine what local resources might be available for remediation and management of the contamination. This effort is in coordination with the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council, which has assisted with development of a community action plan for the site.

Hughes – Old Generator Building and Tank Farm

Requested by the Hughes Village Council

Old tank farm and piping in Hughes

Old tank farm and distribution piping, Hughes (May 2006, DEC post-flood photo).

This effort is also in coordination with the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council. Benzene contamination was documented in the late 1990s in the public water supply well for Hughes, and is linked to the old tank farm and distribution lines. The system is on quarterly testing for Volatile Organic Compounds, which seem to be adequately removed by the treatment system. Much of the contamination related to the former fuel storage and distribution system for the village is a result of flooding of the Koyukuk River in 1994 and 2006.

The community would like to reuse this flood-prone area for a softball field or playground to provide new recreational opportunities for tribal members, and possibly construction of a new building for community gatherings.

DEC developed an environmental management plan for the site, with cost estimates for different remedial scenarios. Further evaluation of the drinking-water supply options for the village is ongoing.

Lower Kalskag – Old Alaska Village Electric Cooperative (AVEC) Tank Farm

Requested by the Village of Lower Kalskag

As with many former AVEC facilities throughout the state, Lower Kalskag has had a bulk fuel tank farm upgrade, but the old tanks are still present at the former location and no subsurface investigation to characterize the extent of contamination was carried out when the old tank farm was decommissioned.

The community is concerned about lingering fuel contamination in soil at the former fuel storage site, because their public water supply well was previously located on the adjacent lot. The Village of Lower Kalskag would like to have the site assessed and remedial action completed, if necessary, for protection of their drinking-water resources and to make the site available for reuse as storage space for the city and tribal offices’ connexes, an office building for landfill management operations, and new lodging facilities for visitors.

DEC’s work at this site included field screening and limited evaluation of off-site contaminant migration.

Holy Cross – Big Lake Former Dumpsite

Requested by the Holy Cross Village Council

This site was used as a dumping ground for 20 years or more. A sawmill located there in the 1960s was reportedly shoved into the lake when it broke down. Refuse is estimated to include vehicles, motors, batteries, and general household garbage. The request also mentions a shop building located north of the lake that has fuels and hazardous substances and a “distinctive diesel smell.” The community is concerned that the contamination in the lake could damage their subsistence fishing resources and water quality of surrounding sloughs and rivers. Big Lake was once a recreation area, used for swimming, fishing, and trapping; it is currently used for canoe races in the summer and a spring ice-picking contest.

The community would like to restore Big Lake to its former, pristine condition before the sawmill operation and the dumping so that it could be used as a recreation area once again, for swimming lessons, picnicking, community gatherings, fish stocking, and beaver trapping.

DEC developed an environmental management plan, including a site inventory to document recognized environmental conditions at the lake and adjacent shop building, recommendations for analytical testing, and exploration of options for site restoration.

State Fiscal Year 2008 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups

Alatna – Old Alatna Village Site

Requested by the Alatna Tribal Council

After a devastating flood of the Alatna and Koyukuk Rivers in 1994, the entire community of Alatna was relocated one mile down river. The Old Alatna site was the first traditional Inupiaq Village of Alatna; it is situated on the Arctic Circle, across from the Athabaskan community of Allakaket. The community requested an environmental audit of the site to determine if specific environmental conditions would preclude use by future generations. No environmental assessment had been completed since the flood, which left behind several cabins, miscellaneous debris, and some potentially hazardous materials, such as fuel drums and transformers.

The community would like to reuse the traditional village site for community gatherings, subsistence activities, and for a cultural historic monument to preserve community memories.

This DBA project included an evaluation of potential environmental conditions resulting from historical uses, and as affected by the flood.

Mountain Village – Old Village Store

Requested by the Mountain Village

Old village store, Mountain Village

Old village store, Mountain Village.

The old village store in Mountain Village has a rich history as an early trading post on the lower Yukon River. The Asa’carsarmiut Tribal Council (ATC) plans to redevelop this site as part of a mixed-use commercial project. With little available land in the village proper, which is situated between the river and steep hills, this site is important to future economic development in Mountain Village. In 2005, EPA contractors conducted a Targeted Brownfield Assessment of the old store and determined that the structure was unsafe to enter. EPA focused on the exterior of the building, which continues to sit boarded up and abandoned.

DEC completed an assessment of the interior and the stability of the structure, a review of the inventory of chemicals stored onsite, and directed removal of waste to another location. The ATC and EPA will conduct follow up work. Demolition will occur in planned stages and with local labor.

Golovin – Dump at Chinik Creek

Requested by the Chinik Eskimo Community Combined with Alakanuk

The Old Golovin dumpsite is located on the north shore of Norton Sound, near the confluence of Chinik Creek and Golovin Bay. The dump was actively used from the early 1960s until the summer of 1996, when it was closed and covered with gravel from the excavation created during construction of a new city landfill on higher ground. The west edge of the gravel pad cover has eroded steadily since 2003, following more frequent and severe fall storms. Household wastes in the dump include batteries, used oil, household chemicals, and old appliances. The dump reportedly also contains the old Freon system from a former cannery and junk vehicles.

The community is concerned that the eroding dumpsite affects the Chinik Creek watershed and may be impacting subsistence foods. Storm surges push suspected contaminated water up the creek and past the intakes for their fresh water supply.

DEC made a site visit to Golovin to conduct an environmental audit and interviews with members of the community. The work associated with this project included a review of previous rural dumpsite characterizations, and an evaluation of options for managing abandoned dumpsites in remote settings. This project coincided with the assessment at another eroding former dumpsite, in Alakanuk (see below).

Alakanuk – South Side Dumpsite

Requested by the Native Village of Alakanuk

Alakanuk former dumpsite.

Eroding former dumpsite at Alakanuk

This site is located along the bank of the Alakanuk River, a major southern channel of the Yukon River. This beach is used primarily as a boat landing for residents and commercial fishermen and is considered one of the few areas suitable for this use. Erosion along the riverbank has exposed a variety of wastes, now depositing directly into the river, habitat to anadromous fish populations. Concerns include both chemical and physical hazards. The Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council conducted a Phase I environmental site assessment of this site in 2006, and had ranked this as one of the two priority sites of more than 100 sites surveyed in their region.

The work associated with this project included a review of previous rural dumpsite characterizations conducted by both EPA and DEC, and provided a summary of expected concerns with these sites. It will identify a management plan or evaluation of options to render the properties useable and safe. Such a management plan would benefit these and other communities by helping to identify what actions can be taken locally to minimize impacts caused by abandoned and eroding dumpsites.

State Fiscal Year 2007 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups

Whittier – City of Whittier

Requested by the City of Whittier

This will emphasize several sites with significant redevelopment potential. The DBA is the first phase of a comprehensive redevelopment initiative for Whittier.

Pilot Point – Alaska Packers Cannery

Requested by the Pilot Point Tribal Council

* The deteriorating Alaska Packers Cannery, built in 1891, for an environmental assessment.

Pilot Point cannery

Old Alaska Packers Cannery, Pilot Point

This is one of the only original cannery sites still capable of being saved. DEC found bunker C fuel contamination in the soil. The next step is cleanup.

The City and the Tribe plan to convert at least some of the buildings into a hostel for a summer youth camp, a museum/visitor center and a community metal/wood shop.The redevelopment plans are well thought-out and community interest and support is strong.

St. Michael – Former Airstrip

Requested by the Native Village of St. Michael

* DEC conducted a Phase I assessment of a former airstrip.

The airstrip is where the community plans to build a new school, electric cooperative structure and bulk fuel tanks. The land is now owned by the City of St. Michael.

Chignik Lagoon – Old Chignik Lagoon Cannery Dump

Requested by theChignik Lagoon Native Corporation

*Old Chignik Lagoon Cannery Dump, for a Phase I assessment.

The corporation seeks to redevelop the Ward’s Cove cannery site to revive fish processing or other seasonal and recreational use. An adjacent landfill may have contamination.

State Fiscal Year 2006 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups

Anchorage – Wilhour Trust Properties

Requested by the Anchorage Community Land Trust (ACLT)

Despite historic uses of the property as an auto and machine shop and a film processor, no significant evidence of contamination was found in initial investigation, but future soil tests were warranted. On the basis of the findings, ACLT was able to sell this property. DEC also conducted an assessment of the Warner Trust property in concert with the Wilhour Trust site to help smooth the sale of this property. Plans are in progress to develop these two properties together.

St. George – Historic Buildings

Requested by the St. George Chadux Corporation

The St. George Tanaq Corporation is seeking to restore and preserve the buildings through a grant provided by the Alaska State Historic Preservation Office.

Beluga – West Cook Inlet Construction

Requested by the Kenai Peninsula Borough

The Borough wants this site cleaned up and health risks addressed. Contamination related to oil-field support service activities could affect neighboring residential wells.

Kenai – Millennium Square

Requested by the Kenai Peninsula Economic Development Corporation/City of Kenai

This development project is a 30-acre site used by the Federal Aviation Administration since 1941. A DBA in 2006 detected no remaining contaminated soil or groundwater. Proposed uses include a convention center, tourism-related businesses, senior housing, and a cultural site for Native American history.

Anchorage – Peacock Cleaners

Requested by the Municipality of Anchorage

Peacock Cleaners, in Anchorage

Peacock Cleaners

The site was a dry cleaner business for many years. The owner went bankrupt and the Municipality of Anchorage obtained the property through foreclosure. DEC conducted a Phase I assessment in 2005, and the Municipality performed a site characterization in 2008. DEC also helped the Municipality apply for an EPA competitive cleanup grant, a Targeted Brownfield Assessment grant and researched the insurance archeology.The property is to be used by the Municipality of Anchorage as a public road right-of-way, with landscaping

Anchorage – John's Motel and RV Park

Requested by the Municipality of Anchorage

John's Motel, in Anchorage

Photo by Hoefler Consulting Group

Former heavy automotive use indicated potential contamination at this strategic location in the Mountain View Subdivision. This DBA turned up no major environmental concerns, and allowed the Anchorage Community Land Trust to proceed with a complex property transaction.

 

State Fiscal Year 2005 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups

Deering – Former Utica Mine Site

Requested by the Northwest Arctic Borough

(for the city of Deering and Native Village of Deering)

John's Motel, in Anchorage

Building 17 at the former Utica Mine.

The site is under consideration for redevelopment as a tourist destination.

Anchorage – Mountain View Subdivision

Requested by the Municipality of Anchorage, Office of Economic and Community Development

In addition to this areawide assessment, individual assessments were conducted at several individual locations.

Anchorage – Carey Property

Requested by the Municipality of Anchorage, Office of Economic and Community Development

This property was a former lumberyard, store and warehouse in the Mountain View Subdivision. Environmental assessment was a prerequisite for a Community Development Block Grant from the Municipality of Anchorage. It is now home to several offices.

Anchorage – Color Creek Fiber Art Studios

Requested by the Municipality of Anchorage, Office of Economic and Community Development

This former gas station and auto shop in the Mountain View Subdivision was found to have no significant environmental concerns, allowing its “new life” as artists’ studios.

State Fiscal Year 2004 – Brownfield Assessments & Cleanups

Fairbanks – Former Universal Recycling

Requested by the Fairbanks North Star Borough

* Former Universal Recycling (also known as Universal Recycling, Bartlett Industries or Sanduri Property), for a Phase I environmental site assessment and site characterization.

Universal Recycling site

Press event in 2007 to celebrate cleanup.

DEC conducted a Brownfield Assessment in 2004, which encompassed a Phase I and limited Phase II environmental site assessment. Also in 2004, the Borough got an EPA Brownfield Assessment Grant to complete the Phase II (more in-depth) assessment. But the need to clean up a large amount of debris on site prevented completion of the assessment work. A waste disposal plan was developed which estimated cleanup costs would be $604,000. Funding for this cleanup project includes a $200,000 EPA cleanup grant with a local match of $40,000, a borough appropriation of $182,000, and a borough tipping fee deferral of up to $182,000. Once the debris is completely removed from the site, the borough will then be able to finish the assessment under the EPA Brownfield Assessment Grant.

When the former Universal Recycling site is cleaned up, the borough hopes it will become viable light-industrial property. This redevelopment will create jobs, increase revenue, reduce the tax burden on the community, and address the health risks associated with the contamination. (Update 1/2008)

Moose Creek – Sani-Klean Service Station, Former SKS Texaco

Requested by the North Star Borough

* Former Sani-Klean Services (also known as SKS Texaco Property), for a Phase I environmental site assessment and site characterization.

Contact our Staff

Please contact the following brownfields staff with any questions or concerns:

  • Amy Rodman, Environmental Program Specialist 907-465-5368
  • Christy Howard, Environmental Program Specialist 907-465-5206
  • ADEC Contaminated Sites Program
  • 410 Willoughby Avenue, Suite 303
  • Juneau, AK  99811-1800
  • Fax Number: 907-465-5218

Send us your comments or questions!